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Applied Physics A

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 87–96 | Cite as

Spallative ablation of dielectrics by X-ray laser

  • N. A. Inogamov
  • V. V. Zhakhovsky
  • A. Y. Faenov
  • V. A. Khokhlov
  • V. V. Shepelev
  • I. Y. Skobelev
  • Y. Kato
  • M. Tanaka
  • T. A. Pikuz
  • M. Kishimoto
  • M. Ishino
  • M. Nishikino
  • Y. Fukuda
  • S. V. Bulanov
  • T. Kawachi
  • Y. V. Petrov
  • S. I. Anisimov
  • V. E. Fortov
Article

Abstract

A short laser pulse in wide range of wavelengths, from infrared to X-ray, disturbs electron–ion equilibrium and increases pressure in a heated layer. The case where the pulse duration τ L is shorter than acoustic relaxation time t s is considered in the paper. It is shown that this short pulse may cause thermomechanical phenomena such as spallative ablation regardless of wavelength. While the physics of electron–ion relaxation strongly depends on wavelength and various electron spectra of substances: there are spectra with an energy gap in semiconductors and dielectrics opposed to gapless continuous spectra in metals. The paper describes entire sequence of thermomechanical processes from expansion, nucleation, foaming, and nanostructuring to spallation with particular attention to spallation by X-ray pulse.

Keywords

Foam Ablation Threshold Coexistence Curve Attenuation Depth Bulk Side 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Inogamov
    • 1
  • V. V. Zhakhovsky
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. Y. Faenov
    • 3
    • 4
  • V. A. Khokhlov
    • 1
  • V. V. Shepelev
    • 5
  • I. Y. Skobelev
    • 3
  • Y. Kato
    • 4
    • 6
  • M. Tanaka
    • 4
  • T. A. Pikuz
    • 3
    • 4
  • M. Kishimoto
    • 4
  • M. Ishino
    • 4
  • M. Nishikino
    • 4
  • Y. Fukuda
    • 4
  • S. V. Bulanov
    • 4
  • T. Kawachi
    • 4
  • Y. V. Petrov
    • 1
  • S. I. Anisimov
    • 1
  • V. E. Fortov
    • 3
  1. 1.L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovkaRussia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  3. 3.Joint Institute for High TemperaturesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Kansai Photon Science InstituteJapan Atomic Energy AgencyKyotoJapan
  5. 5.Institute for Computer Aided DesignRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  6. 6.The Graduate School for the Creation of New Photonics IndustriesHamamatsuJapan

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