Applied Physics A

, Volume 100, Issue 3, pp 663–669 | Cite as

FTIR techniques applied to the detection of gelatine in paper artifacts: from macroscopic to microscopic approach

  • Véronique RouchonEmail author
  • Eleonora Pellizzi
  • Koen Janssens


In order to render paper hydrophobic for ink and thus adequate for writing, gelatine has been largely used. To this day, it is still employed in conservation workshops as an adhesive or a sizing agent, for instance, during the treatment of iron gall ink manuscripts. Various types and concentrations of gelatine are recommended, depending on the desired effect, but little information is available regarding to the physical distribution of gelatine in the paper. This aspect is however determinant for a better control of conservation treatments.

In this work, we investigate the possibilities offered by FTIR microscopy for the measurement of the gelatine distribution in paper. Laboratory papers were preliminary treated with different types of gelatine and then embedded in a resin and cut in thin slices. Mapping techniques enable to compare the penetration of different types of gelatine in a semiquantitative way. The performance of conventional laboratory equipment and synchrotron radiation experimental setup are discussed.


DMAE Paper Surface FTIR Microscopy Beam Aperture Gelatine Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. Garlick, Book Pap. Group Annu. 5, 94–107 (1986) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C.H. Stephens, T. Barrett, P.M. Whitmore, J.A. Wade, J. Mazurek, M. Schilling, J. Am. Inst. Conserv. 47, 201–215 (2008) Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Barrett, P. Lang, J. Waterhouse, in International Conference on Conservation and Restoration of Archival and Library Materials, Erice, 22–29 April 1996, vol. 2 (1996), pp. 605–624 Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Barrett, C. Mosier, in The Institute of Paper Conservation Conference, Manchester, 1–4 April 1992 (1992), pp. 207–213 Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    TAPPI, T 504 om-89, Tappi Test Methods (Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry, Atlanta, 1991) Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Barrett, C. Mosier, J. Am. Inst. Conserv. 34, 173–186 (1995) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.F. Waterhouse, T.D. Barrett, Tappi J. 74, 207–212 (1991) Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T.D. Barrett, Pap. Conserv. 13, 3–108 (1989) Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A.-L. Dupont, J. Chromatogr. A 950, 113–124 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.-L. Dupont, Gelatine Sizing and Its Impact on the Degradation of Cellulose During Ageing (University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, 2003) Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Missori, M. Righini, A.-L. Dupont, Opt. Commun. 263, 289–294 (2006) CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Barrett, C. Mosier, Book Pap. Group Annu. 13, 5–8 (1994) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Spitzmueller, in The Institute of Paper Conservation Conference, Manchester, 1–4 April 1992 (1992), pp. 214–217 Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Kolbe, Restaurator 25, 26–39 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D.A. Prystupa, A.M. Donald, Polym. Gels Netw. 4, 87–110 (1996) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J.H. Muyonga, C.G.B. Cole, K.G. Duodu, Food Chem. 86, 325–332 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Calvini, A. Gorassini, Restaurator 23, 48–66 (2002) CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Véronique Rouchon
    • 1
  • Eleonora Pellizzi
    • 1
  • Koen Janssens
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche sur la Conservation des Collections, Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleURS 3224, MNHN-CNRS-MCCParisFrance
  2. 2.Centre for Micro- and Trace Analysis, Department of ChemistryUniversiteit AntwerpenAntwerpBelgium

Personalised recommendations