Applied Physics A

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 377–381 | Cite as

Study of medieval enamelling on gilded objects combining SEM-EDAX and PIXE

  • J. ChamónEmail author
  • P. C. Gutierrez
  • J. Barrio
  • A. Climent-Font
  • M. Arroyo


A set of fragments of metallic artefacts from the medieval period excavated from Ciudad Real in Spain has been studied. The objects are gilded copper buckles with a champlevé enamelling decoration. The composition of predominantly blue-coloured enamels has been analysed using three non-destructive techniques, SEM-EDAX (scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and PIXE (particle-induced X-ray emission). Analyses show that Co is responsible for the blue colour. The results of the two techniques are compared, as well as the main components which constitute the enamel. Analyses suggest that Cu is responsible for red colour.


PIXE Ciudad Real PIXE Analysis Cultural Heritage Object Decorative Motif 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Chamón
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. C. Gutierrez
    • 2
  • J. Barrio
    • 1
  • A. Climent-Font
    • 2
  • M. Arroyo
    • 1
  1. 1.SECYR Laboratory, Departamento de Arqueología y PrehistoriaUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Micro-Análisis de Materiales (CMAM)Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM)MadridSpain

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