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Applied Physics A

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 391–398 | Cite as

Identification of cellulose fibres belonging to Spanish cultural heritage using synchrotron high resolution X-ray diffraction

  • L. K. HerreraEmail author
  • A. Justo
  • A. Duran
  • M. C. Jimenez de Haro
  • M. L. Franquelo
  • J. L. Perez Rodríguez
Article

Abstract

A complete characterisation of fibres used in Spanish artwork is necessary to provide a complete knowledge of these natural fibres and their stage of degradation. Textile samples employed as painting supports on canvas and one sample of unprocessed plant material were chosen for this study. All the samples were investigated by synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD). Flax and cotton have the Cellulose I structure. The values of the crystalline index (CI) were calculated for both types of fibres. The structure of Cellulose IV was associated with the unprocessed plant material. The information obtained by SR-XRD was confirmed by laboratory techniques including scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).

Keywords

Cellulose Lignin Pectin Native Cellulose Kink Band 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. K. Herrera
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Justo
    • 1
  • A. Duran
    • 1
  • M. C. Jimenez de Haro
    • 1
  • M. L. Franquelo
    • 1
  • J. L. Perez Rodríguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Science Institute of SevilleCSIC-Seville UniversitySevilleSpain

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