Applied Physics A

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 383–389 | Cite as

Micro-SR-XRF studies for archaeological gold identification—the case of Carpathian gold and Romanian museal objects

  • Bogdan ConstantinescuEmail author
  • Angela Vasilescu
  • Martin Radtke
  • Uwe Reinholz


In the determination of the provenance of gold in archaeological artifacts, trace elements are more significant than the main components. Several minute fragments of natural Carpathian gold—placer and primary—and some very small (a few milligrams) fragments of archaeological items were studied using micro Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray Fluorescence (micro SR-XRF) at the BESSY Synchrotron Facility in Berlin, Germany. The goal of the study was to identify the trace elements characterizing Carpathian gold, looking especially at Sn, Sb, Pb and Te, and to determine if the gold in the archaeological items is native or refined. Applications to the authentication and provenance of nine Dacian gold bracelets, koson coins and two Bronze Age items are presented.


Cassiterite Native Gold Archaeological Artifact Gold Sample Archaeological Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bogdan Constantinescu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angela Vasilescu
    • 1
  • Martin Radtke
    • 2
  • Uwe Reinholz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied Nuclear PhysicsHoria Hulubei National Institute of Nuclear Physics and EngineeringBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany

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