Structural, optical and electrical properties of sulfur-incorporated amorphous carbon films
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Amorphous carbon–sulfur (a-C:S) composite films were prepared by vapor phase pyrolysis technique. The structural changes in the a-C:S films were investigated by electron microscopy. A powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) study depicts the two-phase nature of a sulfur-incorporated a-C system. The optical bandgap energy shows a decreasing trend with an increase in the sulfur content and preparation temperature. This infers a sulfur incorporation and pyrolysis temperature induced reduction in structural disorder or increase in sp 2 or π-sites. The presence of sulfur (S 2p) in the a-C:S sample is analyzed by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The sp 3/sp 2 hybridization ratio is determined by using the XPS C 1s peak fitting, and the results confirm an increase in sp 2 hybrids with sulfur addition to a-C. The electrical resistivity variation in the films depends on both the sulfur concentration and the pyrolysis temperature.
PACS81.05.Uw 68.37.Hk 79.60.-i 73.50.-h
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