Applied Physics A

, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 471–475 | Cite as

Long silicon nitride nanowires synthesized in a simple route

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Abstract

Long silicon nitride (Si3N4) nanowires with high purity were synthesized by heating mixtures of SiO2 powders and short carbon fibers at 1430°C for 2 h in a flowing N2 atmosphere. The nanowires had the length of 1–2 millimeters and the diameters of 70–300 nm, and were mainly composed of -Si3N4, growing along the [001] direction. The vapor–solid (VS) mechanism was employed to interpret the nanowires growth.

PACS

81.05.Je 81.07.Bc 81.10.Bk 81.16.Be 81.20.Ka 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gong-Yi Li
    • 1
  • Xiao-Dong Li
    • 1
  • Hao Wang
    • 1
  • Zhong-Quan Li
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Advanced Ceramic Fibers and Composites, College of Aerospace and Materials EngineeringNational University of Defense TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Hunan Taixin Ceramics Co. Ltd.LiLingChina

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