Applied Physics A

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 849–856 | Cite as

Non-invasive in-situ investigations versus micro-sampling: a comparative study on a Renoirs painting

  • C. MilianiEmail author
  • F. Rosi
  • A. Burnstock
  • B.G. Brunetti
  • A. Sgamellotti


In this paper, a multi-technique in-situ non-invasive approach has been followed for the study of the materials used for a painting by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, “A woman at her toilette”. The study was carried out using five portable spectroscopic techniques, namely X-ray fluorescence, mid-infrared reflectance spectroscopy, near infrared reflectance spectroscopy, and UV-Vis spectroscopy in absorption and emission. The painting was selected as a case study because it was examined in advance of the current investigation using conventional micro-sampling techniques. This provided the opportunity to evaluate potential and limitations of the non-invasive approach to the complex case of the modern painting.


Kaolin Lead White Painting Technique Hydrocerussite Chrome Yellow 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Miliani
    • 1
    Email author
  • F. Rosi
    • 2
  • A. Burnstock
    • 3
  • B.G. Brunetti
    • 2
  • A. Sgamellotti
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Istituto CNR-ISTM (Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie Molecolari), c/o Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità degli Studi di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Centro di Eccellenza SMAArt (Scientific Methodologies applied to Archaeology and Art), c/o Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità degli Studi di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  3. 3.Courtauld Institute of Art, LondonLondonUK

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