Log-pile photonic crystal of CdS–polymer nanocomposites fabricated by combination of two-photon polymerization and in situ synthesis
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A log-pile photonic crystal of CdS nanoparticles–polymer nanocomposites was successfully fabricated by a novel method combining the two-photon polymerization technique and in situ synthesis of CdS nanoparticles in a polymer matrix. The photonic band gap of the three-dimensional (3D) log-pile photonic crystal is confirmed and becomes more effective for CdS nanoparticles–polymer nanocomposites than polymer doped with Cd2+ ions, because the nanocomposites possess a higher refractive index than the polymer. The proposed concept in the new fabrication method for a 3D microstructure of polymer nanocomposites should be of critical importance in providing a general methodology for functionalization of materials via functional nanocomposites used in the field of laser microstructure fabrication.
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