Structural characterization of shock-affected sapphire
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The presence of dislocations has been revealed by numerical processing of high–resolution transmission electron microscopy images from the regions affected by a shock wave propagation. The shock wave was triggered by a single 220 fs duration pulse of 30 nJ at an 800 nm wavelength inside sapphire at approximately 10 μm depth. The shock-amorphised sapphire has a distinct boundary with the crystalline phase, which is not wet etchable even at a dislocation density of ≃8×1012 cm-2.
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