Applied Physics A

, Volume 84, Issue 4, pp 403–407

Synthesis of gold nanowires with controlled crystallographic characteristics

  • S. Karim
  • M.E. Toimil-Molares
  • F. Maurer
  • G. Miehe
  • W. Ensinger
  • J. Liu
  • T.W. Cornelius
  • R. Neumann
Article

Abstract

The controlled fabrication of poly- and single-crystalline Au nanowires is reported. In polycarbonate templates, prepared by heavy-ion irradiation and subsequent etching, Au nanowires with diameters down to 25 nm are electrochemically synthesized. Four-circle X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements demonstrate that wires deposited potentiostatically at a voltage of -1.2 V at 65 °C are single-crystalline and oriented along the [110] direction. By reverse-pulse electrodeposition, wires oriented along the [100] direction are grown. The wires are cylindrical over their whole length. The morphology of the caps growing on top of poly- and single-crystalline wires is a strong indication of the particular crystalline structure of the nanowires.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Karim
    • 1
  • M.E. Toimil-Molares
    • 2
  • F. Maurer
    • 3
  • G. Miehe
    • 3
  • W. Ensinger
    • 3
  • J. Liu
    • 4
  • T.W. Cornelius
    • 2
  • R. Neumann
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPhilipps UniversityMarburgGermany
  2. 2.Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI)DarmstadtGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Materials ScienceDarmstadt University of TechnologyDarmstadtGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Modern PhysicsChinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)LanzhouP.R. China

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