Advertisement

Applied Physics A

, Volume 83, Issue 2, pp 321–327 | Cite as

Concept of deterministic single ion doping with sub-nm spatial resolution

  • J. Meijer
  • T. Vogel
  • B. Burchard
  • I.W. Rangelow
  • L. Bischoff
  • J. Wrachtrup
  • M. Domhan
  • F. Jelezko
  • W. Schnitzler
  • S.A. Schulz
  • K. Singer
  • F. Schmidt-Kaler
Article

Abstract

We propose a method for deterministic implantation of single atoms into solids which relies on a linear ion trap as an ion source. Our approach allows a deterministic control of the number of implanted atoms and a spatial resolution of less than 1 nm. Furthermore, the method is expected to work for almost all chemical elements. The deterministic implantation of single phosphor or nitrogen atoms is interesting for the fabrication of scalable solid state quantum computers, in particular for silicon and diamond based schemes. A wide range of further applications is expected for the fabrication of nano and sub-nano electronic devices.

Keywords

Electromagnetically Induce Transparency Paul Trap Linear Paul Trap Quantum Gate Operation Ground State Cool 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    B.E. Kane, Nature 393, 133 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 076401 (2004)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, A. Gruber, J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 130501 (2004)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.A. Kennedy, J.S. Colton, J.E. Butler, R.C. Linares, P.J. Doering, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4190 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A Quantum Information Science and Technology Roadmapping Project by the Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA), http://qist.lanl.gov/ and European Pilot project http://qist.ect.it/Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Martin, R. Wannemacher, J. Teichert, L. Bischoff, B. Köhler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3096 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Martin, L. Bischoff, R. Wannemacher, Opt. Commun. 188, 119 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Kalish, C. UzanSaguy, B. Philosoph, V. Richter, J.P. Lagrange, E. Gheeraert, A. Deneuville, A.T. Collins, Diam. Relat. Mater. 6, 516 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Meijer, B. Burchard, M. Domhan, C. Wittmann, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 261909 (2005)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.R. Rabeau, P. Reichert, G. Tamanyan, D.N. Jamieson, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, I. Popa, M. Domhan, J. Wrachtrup, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 023113 (2006)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Schenkel, A. Persaud, J. Appl. Phys. 94, 7017 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. Rangelow, J. Meijer, T. Schenkel, German Patent Appl., DE10347969A1, 2003 (patent pending)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Schenkel, A.V. Hamza, A.V. Barnes, D.H. Schneider, J.C. Banks, B.L. Doyle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2590 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.A. Diddams, T. Udem, K.R. Volgel, C.W. Oates, E.A. Curtis, W.D. Lee, W.M. Itano, R.E. Drullinger, J.C. Bergquist, L. Hollberg, Science 293, 825 (2001)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Riebe, H. Häffner, C.F. Roos, W. Hänsel, J. Benhelm, G.P.T. Lancaster, T.W. Körber, C. Becher, F. Schmidt-Kaler, D.F.V. James, R. Blatt, Nature 429, 734 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.D. Barrett, J. Chiaverini, T. Schaetz, J. Britton, W.M. Itano, J.D. Jost, E. Knill, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Ozeri, D.J. Wineland, Nature 429, 737 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H.C. Nägerl, C. Roos, D. Leibfried, H. Rohde, G. Thalhammer, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. A 61, 023405 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Schmidt-Kaler, H. Häffner, S. Gulde, M. Riebe, G.P.T. Lancaster, T. Deuschle, C. Becher, W. Hänsel, J. Eschner, C.F. Roos, R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 77, 789 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. Leibfried, T. Schätz, Phys. J. 3, 23 (2004)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    C.F. Roos, Th. Zeiger, H. Rohde, H.C. Nägerl, J. Eschner, D. Leibfried, F. Schmidt-Kaler, R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4713 (1999)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.F. Roos, D. Leibfried, A. Mundt, F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Eschner, R. Blatt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5547 (2000)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Drewsen, A. Mortensen, R. Martinussen, P. Staanum, J. L. Sørensen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243201 (2004)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Hornekaer, N. Kjaergaard, A.M. Thommesen, M. Drewsen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1994 (2001)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Rohde, S.T. Gulde, C.F. Roos, P.A. Barton, D. Leibfried, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, R. Blatt, J. Opt. B 3, 34 (2001)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Barrett, B.L. DeMarco, T. Schätz, V. Meyer, D. Leibfried, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, W.M. Itano, B.M. Jelenkovic, J.D. Jost, C. Langer, T. Rosenband, D.J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 68, 042302 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H.C. Nägerl, Ion Strings for Quantum Computing, Dissertation, Innsbruck (1998), unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. Schmidt-Kaler, J. Eschner, G. Morigi, C.F. Roos, D. Leibfried, A. Mundt, R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 73, 807 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling, B.P. Flannery, Numerical Recipies in C (University Press, Cambridge, 1992)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    I.W. Rangelow, F. Shi, P. Hudek, T. Gotszalk, P.B. Grabiec, P. Dumania, Proc. SPIE 2879, 56 (1996)ADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    I.W. Rangelow, P. Grabiec, T. Gotszalk, K. Edinger, Surf. Interface Anal. 33, 59 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    I.W. Rangelow, Tech. Mess. 72, 103 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    R. Pedrak, T. Ivanov, K. Ivanova, T. Gotszalk, N. Abedinov, I.W. Rangelow, K. Edinger, E. Tomerov, T. Schenkel, P. Hudek, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 21, 3102 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    X.Q. Li, Y.W. Wu, D. Steel, D. Gammon, T.H. Stievater, D.S. Katzer, D. Park, C. Piermarocchi, L.J. Sham, Science 301, 809 (2003)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    T. Yamamoto, Y.A. Pashkin, O. Astafiev, Y. Nakamura, J.S. Tsai, Nature 425, 941 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    T.D. Ladd, J.R. Goldman, F. Yamaguchi, Y. Yamamoto, E. Abe, K.M. Itoh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 017901 (2002)CrossRefPubMedADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    W.S. Warren, Science 277, 1688 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    E. van Oort, P. Stroomer, M. Glasbeek, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8605 (1990)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    N.R.S. Reddy, N.B. Manson, E.R. Krausz, J. Luminesc. 38, 46 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. Redman, S. Brown, S.C. Rand, J. Opt. Soc. Am B 9, 768 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    F. Jelezko, J. Wrachtrup, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, R1089 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. Wrachtrup, S. Kilin, A.P. Nizovtsev, Opt. Spectrosc. 91, 429 (2001)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    J. Twamley, Phys. Rev. A 67, 052318 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    L.M.K. Vandersypen, I.L. Chuang, Rev. Mod. Phys 76, 1037 (2004)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Meijer
    • 1
  • T. Vogel
    • 1
  • B. Burchard
    • 2
  • I.W. Rangelow
    • 3
  • L. Bischoff
    • 4
  • J. Wrachtrup
    • 5
  • M. Domhan
    • 5
  • F. Jelezko
    • 5
  • W. Schnitzler
    • 6
  • S.A. Schulz
    • 6
  • K. Singer
    • 6
  • F. Schmidt-Kaler
    • 6
  1. 1.RUBIONRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Physik mit IonenstrahlenRuhr-Universität BochumBochumGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Nanostrukturtechnologie und Analytik (INA)Universität KasselKasselGermany
  4. 4.Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials ResearchForschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V.DresdenGermany
  5. 5.Physikalisches InstitutUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  6. 6.Abteilung Quanten-InformationsverarbeitungUniversität UlmUlmGermany

Personalised recommendations