Applied Physics A

, Volume 80, Issue 5, pp 937–941 | Cite as

Kondo state of Co impurities at noble metal surfaces

  • M.A. Schneider
  • L. Vitali
  • P. Wahl
  • N. Knorr
  • L. Diekhöner
  • G. Wittich
  • M. Vogelgesang
  • K. Kern
Article

Abstract

We use scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy to study the properties of magnetic Co adatoms on noble metal surfaces at 6 K. Due to spin-flip scattering of the substrate electrons at the impurity the many-body Kondo state forms. This state is characterized by an energy, the Kondo temperature TK. We measure TK of adatom systems and a resonant scattering phase shift locally and are thus able to discuss the coupling of the Co adatom to the metal electronic system. From the resonant scattering phase shift of the surface-state electrons scattering off a Co adatom on Ag(111), we find that the coupling to the surface state is rather weak. On the other hand, increasing the number of nearest neighbor substrate atoms increases the coupling of a Co adatom to the host metal and increases TK. This shows the dominant character of the coupling of the Co atom to the bulk states of the substrate crystal.

Keywords

Line Shape Magnetic Impurity Step Edge Scatter Phase Shift Kondo Temperature 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • M.A. Schneider
    • 1
  • L. Vitali
    • 1
  • P. Wahl
    • 1
  • N. Knorr
    • 1
  • L. Diekhöner
    • 1
  • G. Wittich
    • 1
  • M. Vogelgesang
    • 1
  • K. Kern
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für FestkörperforschungStuttgartGermany

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