Applied Physics A

, Volume 80, Issue 1, pp 93–97 | Cite as

Bacterial cellulose: the ultimate nano-scalar cellulose morphology for the production of high-strength composites

  • A.N. Nakagaito
  • S. Iwamoto
  • H. Yano


High-strength composites were produced using bacterial cellulose (BC) sheets impregnated with phenolic resin and compressed at 100 MPa. By utilizing this unique material synthesized by bacteria, it was possible to improve the mechanical properties over the previously reported high-strength composites based on fibrillated kraft pulp of plant origin. BC-based composites were stronger, and in particular the Young’s modulus was significantly higher, attaining 28 GPa versus 19 GPa of fibrillated pulp composites. The superior modulus value was attributed to the uniform, continuous, and straight nano-scalar network of cellulosic elements oriented in-plane via the compression of BC pellicles.


Cellulose Mechanical Property Thin Film Phenolic Resin Operating Procedure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Sustainable HumanosphereKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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