Raman scattering study of La-, Nd- and Sm-substituted Bi4Ti3O12
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Raman modes of bismuth-layered perovskite Bi4-xLaxTi3O12 ceramic samples were studied as a function of La content from x=0.00 to 0.75. In the low-wavenumber region (35∼150 cm-1), the rigid mode was found to be insensitive to La substitution, while the compositional change caused a frequency upshift of one of the soft modes. In the high-wavenumber region, the results indicated that a structure transition from orthorhombic to tetragonal may occur above x=0.75, since the B2g and B3g modes showed evidence of coalescence into Eg modes with increasing La content. Raman spectra of Bi3.25Nd0.75Ti3O12 and Bi3.25Sm0.75Ti3O12 are presented and compared with Bi4-xLaxTi3O12.
KeywordsThin Film Operating Procedure Perovskite Raman Spectrum Electronic Material
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