Coral Reefs

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 106–106

Book review of Littler DM. Littler MM (2000) Caribbean Reef Plants An Identification Guide to the Reef Plants of the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida and Gulf of Mexico

  • M. Zuschin
  • J. Hohenegger
  • F. Steininger
Article
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Abstract

Information on spatial variability and distribution patterns of organisms in coral reef environments is necessary to evaluate the increasing anthropogenic disturbance of marine environments (Richmond 1993; Wilkinson 1993; Dayton 1994). Therefore different types of subtidal, reef-associated hard substrata (reef flats, reef slopes, coral carpets, coral patches, rock grounds), each with different coral associations, were investigated to determine the distribution pattern of molluscs and their life habits (feeding strategies and substrate relations). The molluscs were strongly dominated by taxa with distinct relations to corals, and five assemblages were differentiated. The Dendropoma maxima assemblage on reef flats is a discrete entity, strongly dominated by this encrusting and suspension-feeding gastropod. All other assemblages are arranged along a substrate gradient of changing coral associations and potential molluscan habitats. The Coralliophila neritoideaBarbatia foliata assemblage depends on the presence of Porites and shows a dominance of gastropods feeding on corals and of bivalves associated with living corals. The Chamoidea–Cerithium spp. assemblage on rock grounds is strongly dominated by encrusting bivalves. The Drupella cornus–Pteriidae assemblage occurs on MilleporaAcropora reef slopes and is strongly dominated by bivalves associated with living corals. The Barbatia setigeraCtenoides annulata assemblage includes a broad variety of taxa, molluscan life habits and bottom types, but occurs mainly on faviid carpets and is transitional among the other three assemblages. A predicted degradation of coral coverage to rock bottoms due to increasing eutrophication and physical damage in the study area (Riegl and Piller 2000) will result in a loss of coral-associated molluscs in favor of bivalve crevice dwellers in dead coral heads and of encrusters on dead hard substrata.

Mollusca Ecology Substrate gradient Coral reef Recent Red Sea 

References

  1. Dawn CJ (19740) Marine algae of the west coast of Florida. University of Miami Press. Coral GablesGoogle Scholar
  2. Littler DS. Littler MM. Bucher KE. Norris JN (1989) Marine plants of the Caribbean. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washineton. DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Schncider CW (2000) Book review: Caribbean reef plants. J Plrycol 36:973–974Google Scholar
  4. Taylor WR (1960) Marine algae of the eastern tropical and sub- tropical coasts oI the Americas. University of Michigan Press. Ann ArborGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zuschin
    • 1
  • J. Hohenegger
    • 1
  • F. Steininger
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für Paläontologie, Universität Wien, Althanstraße 14, 1090 ViennaAustria
  2. 2.Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt am MainGermany

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