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Coral Reefs

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 499–503 | Cite as

First study of asexual planulae in the coral Pocillopora damicornis type β SSH05c from the southwestern Indian Ocean

  • Nicolas Oury
  • Pauline Gélin
  • Lola Massé
  • Hélène MagalonEmail author
Note

Abstract

With the recent taxonomic revision of the scleractinian Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus 1758), now identified as a species complex, former reproduction studies must be reconsidered. In this context, this study focuses on P. damicornis type β, more precisely SSH05c sensu Gélin et al. (Mol Phylogenet Evol 109:430–446, 2017b), found exclusively in the Indian Ocean. We aimed to determine whether P. damicornis type β SSH05c is able to produce asexually derived larvae. For this, colonies were collected in Reunion Island and kept in aquaria. Two mother colonies released larvae that were genotyped using 13 microsatellite loci along with the mother colony to compare their multi-locus genotypes and identify clones. All planulae (9 and 84, respectively) presented a genotype identical to their mother colony. This study provides the first evidence of asexual larval production in P. damicornis type β SSH05c from the southwestern Indian Ocean. However, given the limited data set, more studies are needed to better characterize the role and frequency of this reproductive strategy for this lineage.

Keywords

Asexual reproduction Clonal propagation Coral reefs Cryptic diversity Microsatellites Scleractinian reproduction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully thank A. Dievart and A. Grondin for coral collection and maintenance in aquaria. We acknowledge the Aquarium de La Réunion who provided the infrastructure for the experiment and the Plateforme Gentyane of the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, Clermont-Ferrand, France) for genotyping and technical support. We also thank the five anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

338_2019_1800_MOESM1_ESM.docx (42 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 42 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR ENTROPIE (Université de La Réunion, IRD, CNRS), Université de La Réunion, Faculté des Sciences et TechnologiesSt Denis Cedex 09France
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAILPerpignanFrance
  3. 3.GIP Réserve Nationale Marine de La RéunionLa Saline-les-BainsFrance

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