Coral Reefs

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 103–112 | Cite as

An assessment of shallow and mesophotic reef brachyuran crab assemblages on the south shore of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i

  • Kaleonani K. C. Hurley
  • Molly A. Timmers
  • L. Scott Godwin
  • Joshua M. Copus
  • Derek J. Skillings
  • Robert J. Toonen
Report

Abstract

Shallow coral reefs are extensively studied but, although scleractinian corals have been recorded to 165 m, little is known about other mesophotic coral reef ecosystem (MCE) inhabitants. Brachyuran crabs fill many ecological and trophic niches on reefs, making them ideal candidates for evaluating species composition among depths to ask whether MCEs host the same communities as shallower reef communities that have been well studied. Here we deployed autonomous reef monitoring structures for 2 yr on the south shore of O‘ahu along a depth gradient (12, 30, 60, and 90 m) to sample and assess brachyuran crab communities. A total of 663 brachyuran crabs representing 69 morphospecies (16 families) were found. Community composition was not significantly different within depths, but was highly stratified by depth. Each depth was distinct, but the 30 and 60 m depths were least dissimilar from one another. We show that deeper reefs host significantly different brachyuran communities, and at much lower total abundance, than shallow reefs in Hawai‘i, with 4–27 unique morphospecies per depth and only 3 of 69 morphospecies (~4 %) occurring across the entire depth range sampled.

Keywords

Biodiversity Depth gradient Cryptic fauna Autonomous reef monitoring structures (ARMS) 

Supplementary material

338_2015_1382_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 3424 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Hawai‘i Institute of Marine BiologyUniversity of Hawai‘i at MānoaKaneoheUSA
  2. 2.Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric ResearchUniversity of Hawai‘i at MānoaHonoluluUSA
  3. 3.Ecosystem Sciences Division, Pacific Islands Fisheries Science CenterNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationHonoluluUSA
  4. 4.Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Papahānaumokuākea Marine National MonumentNational Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationHonoluluUSA
  5. 5.Brooklyn CollegeBrooklynUSA

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