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Coral Reefs

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 503–503 | Cite as

Alveopora japonica beds thriving under kelp

  • V. Denis
  • C. A. Chen
  • J. I. Song
  • S. Woo
Reef Site

Keywords

Benthic Community Coral Cover Coral Species Soft Coral Scleractinian Coral 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Alveopora japonica Eguchi, 1968 (Scleractinia, Acroporidae) occurs in shallow benthic communities from Southern Taiwan to high latitude areas of Japan where it is usually rare and nested among algae and soft corals (Dai and Horng 2009). It is also a peculiar species among the scleractinians due to its association with Symbiodinium clades C, E, and F (Rodriguez-Lanetty et al. 2003; Jeong et al. 2012).

In October 2012, we found extensive A. japonica beds (Fig. 1a, b) at Biyangdo, located to the northwest of Jeju Island, South Korea (33°24′5″N, 126°13′8″E), where it formed a dense and almost monospecific carpet at 10–17 m in depth. These stands were punctuated by the regionally endemic kelp Ecklonia cava. Based on 63 quadrats (0.25 m2), A. japonica covered 67 ± 4 % of the benthos over an area of >1 ha. Most of the colonies were <10 cm in diameter. Many recruits occurred where coral cover was low such as around the base of holdfasts of the kelp, which represented 4 % of the benthic community. Other major benthic categories included calcareous crustose coralline algae (18 %) and sand (8 %).
Fig. 1

a Alveopora japonica beds punctuated by the presence of the endemic kelp Ecklonia cava. b Recruits of A. japonica (arrows) occurring at the base of the holdfast of the kelp. Scale bar 2 cm

Ecklonia cava is usually the dominant benthic species around Jeju Island. Recently, traditional fisherwomen, ‘Haenyeo,’ as well as local divers, have reported orally a gradual decline in the population of this economically and ecologically important kelp to the benefit of A. japonica. Apart from being one of the first reports on high dominance of scleractinian coral species at this latitude, this observation might also indicate a persistent shift from kelp forests to coral dominance, and the potential loss of an economically important endemic taxa.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors thank Sung-Jin Hwang, Stéphane De Palmas, Lauriane Ribas Deulofeu, Shashank Keshavmurthy for their field assistance. This work was support by grants NSC-NRF (no. 100-2923-B-001-005-MY2) and KIOST (no. F643100). VD is the recipient of a Post-Doctoral fellowship from NSC.

References

  1. Dai CF, Horng S (2009) Scleractinia fauna of Taiwan. I. The complex group. National Taiwan University, p 172Google Scholar
  2. Jeong HJ, Yoo YD, Kang NS, Lim AS, Seong KA, Lee SY, Lee MJ, Lee KH, Kim HS, Shin W, Nam SW, Yih W, Lee K (2012) Heterotrophic feeding as a newly identified survival strategy of the dinoflagellate Symbiodinium. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109:12604–12609PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rodriguez-Lanetty M, Chang SJ, Song JI (2003) Specificity of two temperate dinoflagellate-anthozoan associations from the north-western Pacific Ocean. Mar Biol 143:1193–1199CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biodiversity Research CenterAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Division of EcoScienceEwha Womans UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Korea Institute of Ocean Science and TechnologyGeojeKorea

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