Coral Reefs

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 931–944 | Cite as

Zooarchaeological analysis of prehistoric vertebrate exploitation at the Grand Bay Site, Carriacou, West Indies

  • M. J. LeFebvreEmail author


This paper discusses zooarchaeological analysis of vertebrate faunal specimens from Grand Bay, a Ceramic Age ( 400–1300) site on the island of Carriacou in the Grenadines, West Indies. Using faunal data to assess subsistence patterns of vertebrate exploitation during late site occupation, we can begin to better understand Grand Bay procurement strategies and coral reef exploitation. Preliminary zooarchaeological results imply that Grand Bay vertebrate exploitation emphasized marine resources over terrestrial resources, with particular emphasis on coral reef habitats and fish. The faunal data are discussed in relation to common patterns of prehistoric vertebrate exploitation in the Caribbean and fishing strategies. The Grand Bay faunal sample also provides a foundation from which to formulate future research foci and question zooarchaeological approaches to understanding prehistoric coral reef exploitation in the Caribbean.


Zooarchaeology West Indies Prehistoric subsistence Marine exploitation 



I thank Richard Pollnac for the opportunity to contribute to this special edition of the journal. Field work for this research was funded in part by an Interdisciplinary Field Research Grant from the University of Florida’s Center for Latin American Studies. I thank the directors of the Carriacou Archaeological Field Project, Scott Fitzpatrick, Quetta Kaye, and Michiel Kappers, as well as the Carriacou Historical and Archaeological Museum. Susan deFrance, William Keegan, and Kitty Emery provided guidance during the analysis. I also thank Irvy Quitmyer and Sylvia Scudder at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Scott Fitzpatrick and Michiel Kappers provided figure photographs and maps, and Asa Randall assisted in figure formatting. Susan deFrance, Neill Wallis, and Meggan Blessing reviewed early drafts of the manuscript. The comments of Scott Fitzpatrick and two anonymous reviewers greatly improved this paper. Any omissions or errors are my own.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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