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Mammalian Genome

, Volume 24, Issue 7–8, pp 322–331 | Cite as

Association study between gene polymorphisms in PPAR signaling pathway and porcine meat quality traits

  • Kan He
  • Qishan Wang
  • Zhen Wang
  • Yuchun Pan
Article

Abstract

There is increasing evidence suggesting that fatty acids biosynthesis and metabolism are regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), mostly through the PPAR signaling pathway at the transcriptomic level. We hypothesized that the genetic variants of the enzymes in the PPAR signaling pathway may be associated with the traits of porcine meat quality (PMQ). We mined 77 potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in the PPAR signaling pathway of the pig. There were 13 TagSNPs in 13 different genes mapped within the reported pig quantitative trait loci (QTLs) regions related to PMQ based on the Pig QTL database. Based on the association study with ten measured PMQ traits in both the pathway level and the SNP level, we tested eight significantly associated traits with additive effect in the PPAR signaling pathway and explored only one significant TagSNP in gene RXRB, which is directly associated with the trait of skin weight. Moreover, several interactions of TagSNPs were also significantly related to some of PMQ traits. In this large and comprehensive candidate gene set study, we found a modest association of genes and SNPs in the PPAR signaling pathway with PMQ. Further investigation of these gene polymorphisms jointly with fatty acid measures and other genetic factors would help us better understand the regulation mechanisms of PMQ.

Keywords

Quantitative Trait Locus Dominance Effect Quantitative Trait Locus Region Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction Pathway Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors express their gratitude to the members of the Animal Sciences Laboratory of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31072003, 3100992, 31101706 and 31272414), National High Technology Research and Development 863 Program of China (Grant 354 Nos. 2008AA101009 and 2006AA10Z1E3), and the National Key Basic Research 973 Program of China (Grant No. 2006CB102102), and the National 948 Project of China (2012-Z26, 2011-G2A).

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Supplementary material

335_2013_9460_MOESM1_ESM.docx (100 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 The information of 13 TagSNPs within reported QTLs related to PMQ (DOCX 99 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kan He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qishan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhen Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuchun Pan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture and BiologyShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Veterinary BiotechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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