Polymorphism in hybrid male sterility in wild-derived Mus musculus musculus strains on proximal chromosome 17
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The hybrid sterility-1 (Hst1) locus at Chr 17 causes male sterility in crosses between the house mouse subspecies Mus musculus domesticus (Mmd) and M. m. musculus (Mmm). This locus has been defined by its polymorphic variants in two laboratory strains (Mmd genome) when mated to PWD/Ph mice (Mmm genome): C57BL/10 (carrying the sterile allele) and C3H (fertile allele). The occurrence of sterile and/or fertile (wild Mmm × C57BL)F1 males is evidence that polymorphism for this trait also exists in natural populations of Mmm; however, the nature of this polymorphism remains unclear. Therefore, we derived two wild-origin Mmm strains, STUS and STUF, that produce sterile and fertile males, respectively, in crosses with C57BL mice. To determine the genetic basis underlying male fertility, the (STUS × STUF)F1 females were mated to C57BL/10 J males. About one-third of resulting hybrid males (33.8%) had a significantly smaller epididymis and testes than parental animals and lacked spermatozoa due to meiotic arrest. A further one-fifth of males (20.3%) also had anomalous reproductive traits but produced some spermatozoa. The remaining fertile males (45.9%) displayed no deviation from values found in parental individuals. QTL analysis of the progeny revealed strong associations of male fitness components with the proximal end of Chr 17, and a significant effect of the central section of Chr X on testes mass. The data suggest that genetic incompatibilities associated with male sterility have evolved independently at the proximal end of Chr 17 and are polymorphic within both Mmd and Mmm genomes.
KeywordsSperm Count House Mouse Testis Weight Likelihood Ratio Statistic Sterility Gene
This work was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic, project No. 206-06-0955, and the Czech Ministry of Education (LC06073). Most of the primers for the microsatellite markers were kindly provided by Jiří Forejt. Lidka Rousková, Dana Havelková, and Jana Piálková assisted in the breeding facility. We thank Heidi C. Hauffe, Zdeněk Trachtulec, and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.
- Mouse Genome Database of The Jackson Laboratory: www.informatics.jax.org
- StatSoft Inc.: http://www.statsoft.com
- Whitehead Institute: http://www.ensembl.org/Mus_musculus/ ENSEMBL v19.30.1