Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 24, Issue 6, pp 743–747 | Cite as

A meta-database of Holocene sediment cores for England

  • Andrew J. Suggitt
  • Richard T. Jones
  • Chris J. Caseldine
  • Brian Huntley
  • John R. Stewart
  • Stephen J. Brooks
  • Eleanor Brown
  • David Fletcher
  • Phillipa K. Gillingham
  • Jonathan Larwood
  • Nicholas A. Macgregor
  • Barbara Silva
  • Zoë Thomas
  • Robert J. Wilson
  • Ilya M. D. Maclean
Short Communication

Abstract

Extracting sediment cores for palaeoecological and archaeological investigations has occurred extensively across England since the early 20th century. Surprisingly, there has been comparatively little collation of these valuable publications and potential sources of data; for example, a search on the European Pollen Database (1st Aug 2014 edition) found just 118 core sites for the whole of Great Britain. Here, using a combination of systematic meta-searching and knowledge of the unpublished (‘grey’) literature, we have assembled a meta-database of some 763 sediment cores for palaeoecological records, documented across 273 scientific studies. The majority of these (>90 %) were sediment cores upon which pollen analyses had been performed, but other types of evidence, such as plant macrofossil and faunal records were also identified. We are making this meta-database publicly available, in the hope that it will assist further investigations into Holocene vegetation history, palaeoecology, geoarchaeology and environmental change.

Keywords

Pollen diagram Radiocarbon Palynology Dating Climatic change 

Supplementary material

334_2015_515_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (208 kb)
ESM 1 The English sediment core meta-database. It provides details of all studies from which data were extracted. The geographic location, the total number of samples, core ID number and site characteristics are listed for each record. For dated cores, the number of dated samples and their temporal coverage is also given (XLSX 207 kb)
334_2015_515_MOESM2_ESM.docx (14 kb)
ESM 2 Search terms used to compile the English sediment core meta-database (DOCX 14 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. Suggitt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Richard T. Jones
    • 3
  • Chris J. Caseldine
    • 3
  • Brian Huntley
    • 4
  • John R. Stewart
    • 5
  • Stephen J. Brooks
    • 6
  • Eleanor Brown
    • 7
  • David Fletcher
    • 1
    • 5
  • Phillipa K. Gillingham
    • 5
  • Jonathan Larwood
    • 8
  • Nicholas A. Macgregor
    • 9
  • Barbara Silva
    • 7
  • Zoë Thomas
    • 3
  • Robert J. Wilson
    • 2
  • Ilya M. D. Maclean
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Environment and Sustainability InstituteUniversity of ExeterPenrynUK
  2. 2.School of BiosciencesUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversity of ExeterExeterUK
  4. 4.School of Biological and Biomedical SciencesUniversity of DurhamDurhamUK
  5. 5.School of Applied SciencesUniversity of BournemouthPooleUK
  6. 6.Natural History MuseumLondonUK
  7. 7.Natural EnglandWorcesterUK
  8. 8.Natural EnglandPeterboroughUK
  9. 9.Natural EnglandLondonUK

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