Advertisement

Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 113–122 | Cite as

Revisiting tree-migration rates: Abies alba (Mill.), a case study

  • Rachid CheddadiEmail author
  • H. John B. Birks
  • Pedro Tarroso
  • Sascha Liepelt
  • Dusan Gömöry
  • Stefan Dullinger
  • Eliane S. Meier
  • Karl Hülber
  • Luigi Maiorano
  • Henri Laborde
Original Article

Abstract

At northern temperate latitudes trees have adjusted their ranges substantially in response to changing climates during the Holocene. Results from dispersal model simulations suggest that postglacial migration rates may have been over-estimated from fossil pollen data. As a contribution to this debate, we infer the migration rates of Abies alba (Mill.), silver fir, as a case-study species, by using a spatially explicit approach based on fossil pollen but taking into account its modern genetic diversity pattern. Maximum estimates of migration rates from fossil pollen data alone are higher than 700 m yr−1 during the Holocene. Considering the potential refugia as suggested from all the fossil data but restricting the area over which silver fir expanded from each glacial refugium using data on the current haplotype distribution, the estimated maximum migration rates of silver fir are less than 250 m yr−1. Genetic information may allow for (1) the exclusion of those refugial areas where the species may have survived during the last glacial period but from which it did not spread or spread only very locally and (2) the delineation of the areas over which the species spread from each glacial refugium. The estimated rates in the present study are generally consistent with rates suggested from modelling approaches. This study shows that integrating fossil pollen records can improve simulations of dispersal processes and, thus, allow for better predictions of future changes in tree species’ ranges.

Keywords

Migration rate Biogeography Abies alba Pollen DNA Holocene 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by and is a contribution to the ECOCHANGE European project. PT is supported by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia Grant SFRH/BD/42480/2007. The European Pollen Database contributors (http://www.europeanpollendatabase.net) are gratefully acknowledged for making their data-sets publicly available to the scientific community. The following free software was used in this publication: the R language with several libraries, the Generic Mapping Tools, QGIS, MySQL and phpmyadmin. HJBB acknowledges invaluable help from Cathy Jenks. The manuscript has been substantially improved by W. Tinner, by Th. Giesecke, and by two anonymous reviewers. This is an ISEM contribution number 2013-029.

References

  1. Alba-Sanchez F, Lopez-Saez JA, Pando BB, Linares JC, Nieto-lugilde D, Lopez-Merino L (2010) Past and present potential distribution of the Iberian Abies species: a phytogeographic approach using fossil pollen data and species distribution models. Divers Distrib 16:214–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bennett KD, Tzedakis PC, Willis KJ (1991) Quaternary refugia of north European trees. J Biogeogr 18:103–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhagwat SA, Willis KJ (2008) Species persistence in northerly glacial refugia of Europe: a matter of chance or biogeographical trait? J Biogeogr 35:464–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Birks HJB, Willis KJ (2008) Alpines, trees, and refugia in Europe. Plant Ecol Divers 1:147–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Birks HH, Giesecke T, Hewitt GM, Tzedakis PC, Bakke J, Birks HJB (2012) Comment on “Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia”. Science 338(6108):742. doi: 10.1126/science.1225345 Google Scholar
  6. Blaauw M (2010) Methods and code for “classical” age-modelling of radiocarbon sequences. Quat Geochron 5:512–518. doi: 10.1016/j.quageo.2010.01.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bottema S (1967) A late quaternary pollen diagram from Ioannina, north-western Greece. Proc Prehist Soc 33:27–29Google Scholar
  8. Cheddadi R, Fady B, François L, Hajar L, Suc JP, Huang K, Demarteau M, Vendramin GG, Ortu E (2009) Putative glacial refugia of Cedrus atlantica from quaternary pollen records and modern genetic diversity. J Biogeogr 36:1,361–1,371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark JS (1998) Why trees migrate so fast: confronting theory with dispersal biology and the paleorecord. Am Nat 152:204–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clark JS, Fastie C, Hurtt G, Jackson S, Johnson C, King GA, Lewis M, Lynch J, Pacal S, Prentice IC, Schupp EW, Webb T III, Wyckoff P (1998) Reid’s paradox of rapid plant migration. Bioscience 48:13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Clark JS, Lewis M, Horvath L (2001) Invasion by extremes: population spread with variation in dispersal and reproduction. Am Nat 157:537–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clark JS, Lewis M, McLachlan JS, Hille Ris Lambers J (2003) Estimating population spread: what can we forecast and how well? Ecology 84:1,979–1,988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davis MB (1981) Quaternary history and the stability of forest communities. In: West DC, Shugart HH, Botkin DB (eds) Forest succession: concepts and application. Springer, New York, pp 132–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fady B, Forest I, Hochu I, Ribiollet A, De Beaulieu J-L, Pastuszka P (1999) Genetic differentiation in Abies alba Mill. populations from south-eastern France. For Genet 6:129–138Google Scholar
  15. Gömöry D, Longauer R, Liepelt S, Ballian D, Brus R, Kraigher H, Parpan VI, Parpan TV, Paule L, Stupar VI, Ziegenhagen B (2004) Variation patterns of mitochondrial DNA of Abies alba Mill. in suture zones of postglacial migration in Europe. Acta Soc Bot Polon 73:203–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gömöry D, Paule L, Krajmerová D, Romšáková I, Longauer R (2012) Admixture of genetic lineages of different glacial origin: a case study of Abies alba Mill. in the Carpathians. Plant Syst Evol 298:703–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hajar L, François L, Khater C, Déqué M, Cheddadi R (2011) Potential future distribution of Cedrus libani (A. Rich) in Lebanon. C R Biol 333:622–630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hicks S (2006) When no pollen does not mean no trees. Veget Hist Archaeobot 15:253–261. doi: 10.1007/s00334-006-0063-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Huntley B, Birks HJB (1983) An atlas of past and present pollen maps of Europe: 0–13,000 years ago. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  20. Jalas J, Souminen J (1973) Atlas Florae Europaea. 2. Gymnospermae (Pinaceae to Ephedraceae). Maps 151200. The Committee for Mapping the Flora of Europe and Societas Biologica Fennica Vanamo, HelsinkiGoogle Scholar
  21. Kaltenrieder P, Belis C, Hofstetter S, Ammann B, Ravazzi C, Tinner W (2009) Environmental and climatic conditions at a potential glacial refugial site of tree species near the southern Alpine glaciers. New insights from multiproxy sedimentary studies at Lago della Costa (Euganean Hills, northeastern Italy). Q Sci Rev 28:2,647–2,662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. King GA, Herstrom AA (1997) Holocene migration rates objectively determined from fossil pollen data. In: Huntley B, Cramer W, Marsa AV, Prentice IC, Allen JRM (eds) Past and future environmental changes: the spatial and evolutionary responses of terrestrial biota. Springer, New York, pp 91–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Konnert M, Bergmann F (1995) The geographical distribution of genetic variation of silver fir (Abies alba, Pinaceae) in relation to its migration history. Plant Syst Evol 196:19–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Latałowa M, Van der Knaap WO (2006) Late quaternary expansion of Norway spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. in Europe according to pollen data. Q Sci Rev 25:2,780–2,805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liepelt S, Bialozyt R, Ziegenhagen B (2002) Wind-dispersed pollen mediates postglacial gene flow among refugia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99:14,590–14,594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Liepelt S, Cheddadi R, De Beaulieu J-L, Fady B, Gömöry D, Hussendörfer E, Konnert M et al (2009) Postglacial range expansion and its genetic imprints in Abies alba (Mill.)—A synthesis from palaeobotanic and genetic data. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 153:139–149. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2008.07.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liepelt S, Mayland-Quellhorst E, Lahme M, Ziegenhagen B (2010) Contrasting geographical patterns of ancient and modern genetic lineages in Mediterranean Abies species. Plant Syst Evol 284:141–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Linares JC (2011) Biogeography and evolution of Abies (Pinaceae) in the Mediterranean Basin: the roles of long-term climatic change and glacial refugia. J Biogeogr 38:619–630. doi: 10.1111/j.13652699.2010.02458.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Loarie SR, Duffy PB, Hamilton H, Asner GP, Field CB, Ackerly DD (2009) The velocity of climate change. Nature 462:1,052–1,055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lowe JJ, Watson C (1993) Lateglacial and early Holocene pollen stratigraphy of the northern Apennines, Italy. Q Sci Rev 12:727–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Magri D, Vendramin GG, Comps B, Dupanloup I, Geburek T, Gömöry D, Latałowa M, Litt T, Paule L, Roure JM, Tantau I, Van der Knaap WO, Petit RJ, De Beaulieu JL (2006) A new scenario for the quaternary history of European beech populations: palaeobotanical evidence and genetic consequences. New Phytol 171:199–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McLachlan JS, Clark JS, Manos PS (2005) Molecular indicators of tree migration capacity under rapid climate change. Ecology 86:2,088–2,098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Muller SD, Nakagawa T, De Beaulieu JL, Court-Picon M, Carcaillet C, Miramont C, Roiron P, Boutterin C, Ali A, Bruneton H (2007) Post-glacial migration of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the south-western Alps. J Biogeogr 34:876–899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Parducci L, Jørgensen T, Tollefsrud MM, Elverland E, Alm T, Fontana SL, Bennett KD, Haile J, Matetovici I, Suyama Y, Edwards ME, Andersen K, Rasmussen M, Boessenkool S, Coissac C, Brochmann C, Taberlet P, Houmark-Nielsen M, Larsen NK, Orlando L, Gilbert MTP, Kjær KH, Alsos IG, Willerslev E (2012) Glacial survival of boreal trees in northern Scandinavia. Science 335(6072):1083–1086. doi: 10.1126/science.1216043
  35. Pebesma EJ (2004) Multivariable geostatistics in S: the gstat package. Comput Geosci 30:683–691. doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2004.03.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Piovani P, Leonardi S, Piotti A, Menozzi P (2010) Conservation genetics of small relic populations of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in the northern Apennines. Plant Biosyst 144:683–691CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ponel P, Lowe JJ (1992) Coleopteran, pollen and radiocarbon evidences from the Prato Spila ‘D’ succession, N Italy. C R l’Académie Sci Paris, sér II, Sciences de la Terre 315:1,425–1,431Google Scholar
  38. Powell JA, Zimmermann N (2004) Multiscale analysis of active seed dispersal contributes to resolving Reid’s paradox. Ecology 85:490–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Provan J, Bennett KD (2008) Phylogeographic insights into cryptic glacial refugia. Trends Ecol Evol 23:564–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. R Development Core Team (2008) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org
  41. Ravazzi C (2002) Late quaternary history of spruce in southern Europe. Rev Palaeobot Palynol 120:131–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Ravazzi C, Donegana M, Vescovi E, Arpenti E, Caccianiga M, Kaltenrieder P, Londeix L, Marabini S, Mariani S, Pini R, Vai GB, Wick L (2006) A new late-glacial site with Picea abies in the northern Apennine foothills: an exception to the model of glacial refugia of trees. Veget Hist Archaeobot 15:357–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shopov VL, Bozilova E, Atanasova JR (1992) Biostratigraphy and radiocarbon data of upper quaternary sediments from western part of Black Sea. Geol Balc 22:59–70Google Scholar
  44. Solomon AM, Kirilenko AP (1997) Climate change and terrestrial biomass: what if trees do not migrate? Glob Ecol Biogeogr Lett 6:139–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Stewart JR, Lister AM (2001) Cryptic northern refugia and the origins of the modern biota. Trends Ecol Evol 16:14–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Terhürne-Berson R, Litt T, Cheddadi R (2004) The spread of Abies throughout Europe since the last glacial period: combined macrofossil and pollen data. Veget Hist Archaeobot 13:257–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Thompson S, Katul G (2008) Plant propagation fronts and wind dispersal: an analytical model to upscale from seconds to decades using superstatistics. Am Nat 171:468–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tinner W, Lotter AF (2006) Holocene expansions of Fagus silvatica and Abies alba in Central Europe: where are we after eight decades of debate? Q Sci Rev 25:526–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tzedakis PC, Lawson IT, Frogley MR, Hewitt GM, Preece RC (2002) Buffered tree population changes in a Quaternary refugium: Evolutionary implications. Science 297:2,044–2,047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tzedakis PC, Lawson IT, Frogley MR, Hewitt GM, Preece RC (2003) Response to comment on “Buffered tree population changes in a quaternary refugium: evolutionary implications”. Science 299:825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Van der Knaap WO, Van Leeuwen JFN, Finsinger W, Gobet E, Pini R, Schweizer A, Valsecchi V, Ammann B (2005) Migration and population expansion of Abies, Fagus, Picea, and Quercus since 15,000 years in and across the Alps, based on pollen-percentage threshold values. Q Sci Rev 24:645–680CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Vicario F, Vendramin GG, Rossi P, Lio P, Giannini R (1995) Allozyme, chloroplast DNA and RAPD markers for determining genetic relationships between Abies alba and the relict population of Abies nebrodensis. Theor Appl Genet 90:1,012–1,018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Watson CS (1996) The vegetational history of the northern Apennines, Italy: information from three new sequences and a review of regional vegetational change. J Biogeogr 23:805–841CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Watts WA (1985) A long pollen record from Laghi di Monticchio, southern Italy: a preliminary account. J Geol Soc Lond 142:491–499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wijmstra TA (1969) Palynology of the first 30 m of a 120 m deep section in northern Greece. Acta Bot Neerl 18:511–527Google Scholar
  56. Willis KJ, Van Andel T (2004) Trees or no trees? The environments of central and eastern Europe during the last glaciation. Q Sci Rev 23:2,369–2,387. doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2004.06.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Willis KJ, Rudner E, Sümegi P (2000) The full-glacial forests of central and southeastern Europe. Q Res 53:203–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rachid Cheddadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. John B. Birks
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Pedro Tarroso
    • 1
    • 5
  • Sascha Liepelt
    • 6
  • Dusan Gömöry
    • 7
  • Stefan Dullinger
    • 8
    • 9
  • Eliane S. Meier
    • 10
  • Karl Hülber
    • 8
    • 9
  • Luigi Maiorano
    • 11
  • Henri Laborde
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut des Sciences de l’Évolution, UMR UM2-CNRS-IRD 5554University of Montpellier-2Montpellier Cedex 05France
  2. 2.Department of Biology and Bjerknes Centre for Climate ResearchUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Environmental Change Research CentreUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.School of Geography and the EnvironmentUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  5. 5.Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos GenéticosUniversidade do PortoVairãoPortugal
  6. 6.Conservation Biology, Faculty of BiologyPhilipps-University MarburgMarburgGermany
  7. 7.Faculty of ForestryTechnical University in ZvolenZvolenSlovakia
  8. 8.Department of Conservation Biology Vegetation and Landscape EcologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  9. 9.Vienna Institute for Nature Conservation and AnalysesViennaAustria
  10. 10.Land Use DynamicsSwiss Federal Research Institute WSLBirmensdorfSwitzerland
  11. 11.Department of Ecology and EvolutionUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations