Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 467–479 | Cite as

Wild plant seed storage at Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, Turkey

  • Andrew Fairbairn
  • Danièle Martinoli
  • Ann Butler
  • Gordon Hillman
Original Article

Abstract

Full analysis of eight seed samples collected in the 1960's excavations at Neolithic Çatalhöyük East, Turkey, is presented. Detailed investigation of the composition and context of the samples suggests that the Neolithic population collected, processed and stored seeds from Capsella sp. and Descurainia sp. (wild crucifers) for food use. In addition seeds of Vicia/Lathyrus sp. (wild vetch), Helianthemum spp. and Taeniatherum caput-medusae mixed with Eremopyrum type (grasses) were also found, some of which may have been used for food or other purposes. The analysis demonstrates that wild seed exploitation was a regular part of subsistence practice alongside the economic staple of crop production, and again demonstrates how diverse plant use practices were at the site.

Keywords

Archaeobotany Neolithic Çatal Hüyük Storage Wild plants 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Fairbairn
    • 1
  • Danièle Martinoli
    • 2
  • Ann Butler
    • 3
  • Gordon Hillman
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Social ScienceUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Institute for Prehistory and Archaeological Science IPASBasel UniversityBaselSwitzerland
  3. 3.Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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