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Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 317–327 | Cite as

Vegetation history of Lago Battaglia (eastern Gargano coast, Apulia, Italy) during the middle-late Holocene

  • Ilena CaroliEmail author
  • Massimo Caldara
Original Article

Abstract

A pollen and charcoal record from Gargano (southern Italy) provides new information on the vegetation history and environmental change in southern Italy during the middle to late Holocene. The chronological framework is provided by six AMS radiocarbon dates carried out on plant macroremains. Pollen diagrams record a Mediterranean vegetation along the coastland and a stable mixed oak forest at higher elevations between ca. 5900 and 4200 cal b.p. A sharp and dramatic fall of tree pollen concentrations and a change in fire frequencies occurred from approximately 4200 cal b.p. suggesting a climate change towards drier conditions. This event is coherent with regional and extra-regional palaeoclimatic records that suggest that a mid-Holocene dry period was experienced in southern Italy, southern Spain, and perhaps further afield. Human impact on vegetation seems to have occurred since about 2700 cal b.p.

Keywords

Pollen analysis Fire Climatic change Palaeoenvironment Southern Italy Holocene 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge fieldwork assistance of O. Simone and are very grateful to L. Sadori for her very useful discussion and advice during the course of the investigation and on the first version of the manuscript. We also thank R. Newnham for his helpful comments, improving the original manuscript. Chemical treatment for pollen analysis was carried out at the Laboratory of Palynology, Department of Geography, Plymouth University and at Dipartimento di Biologia Vegetale, Università La Sapienza di Roma with the kind and crucial help of people working in the two departments.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Geologia e GeofisicaUniversità degli Studi di BariBariItaly

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