Interventional radiology in female infertility: technique and role
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The purpose of this paper is to describe the modifications in the radiologic approach to female infertility. The role of hysterosalpingography (HSG) has evolved from being the only source of information about the uterus to a more minor role, after ultrasound, that essentially deals with the morphology of the fallopian tubes. But if its diagnostic yield in the uterus is challenged by ultrasound and hysterosonography, it retains a major impact in the work-up of female infertility. Hysterosalpingography brings decisive diagnostic information concerning the state of the tubes and peritoneum. The interventional procedures of selective salpingography and tubal recanalization have a definite therapeutic effect and allow numerous pregnancies that would otherwise have required in vitro fertilization or tubal microsurgery.
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