MRI of the arthritic small joints: comparison of extremity MRI (0.2 T) vs high-field MRI (1.5 T)
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- Savnik, A., Malmskov, H., Thomsen, H.S. et al. Eur Radiol (2001) 11: 1030. doi:10.1007/s003300000709
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The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic capabilities of extremity MRI (E-MRI) with high-field MRI in arthritic small joints, and to evaluate the patients' acceptance and perceptions of the two MR systems. One hundred three patients (group 1=28 patients with RA <3 years, group 2=25 patients with reactive and psoriatic arthritis and mixed connective tissue disease, group 3= 25 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) more than 3 years and group 4=25 patients with arthralgia) underwent dedicated E-MRI and high-field MRI of the wrist and finger joints. Coronal short tau inversion recovery and transversal 3D T1-weighted images before and after gadodiamide (Gd) were performed in both cases to outline the volume of the synovial membrane (Vsm) and to evaluate joints with enhancement, effusion, bone edema, and erosions. Investigators blinded to the clinical findings evaluated the images. Patients' compliance and acceptance of E-MRI and high-field MRI were evaluated. The median Vsm obtained on E-MRI did not differ significantly from that obtained on high-field MRI. Vsm=1 ml (E-MRI) and 1.1 ml (high-field MRI) before Gd and Vsm=0.1 ml (E-MRI) and 0 ml (high-field MRI) after Gd (Wilcoxon test, p>0.05). The difference in agreement was 8% for joint enhancement, 2% for joint effusion, 3% for bone edema, and 4% for bone erosions. Of the patients, 64% preferred E-MRI due to more comfortable positioning and less claustrophobia and noise. Extremity MRI of the small arthritic joints is comparable to high-field MRI and more readily accepted than high-field MRI by this patient group.