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Comparison of CT angiography collaterals for predicting target perfusion profile and clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke

  • Shan-shan Lu
  • Xuan Zhang
  • Xiao-quan Xu
  • Yue-zhou Cao
  • Lin bo Zhao
  • Qiang-hui Liu
  • Fei-yun Wu
  • Sheng Liu
  • Hai-bin ShiEmail author
Neuro

Abstract

Objectives

To compare collateral status on single-phase CT angiography (sCTA) and multiphase CT angiography (mCTA) and their ability to predict a target mismatch on CT perfusion (CTP) and clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

Methods

Seventy-three AIS patients with stroke onset between 5 and 15 h or with unclear onset time and occlusions in the M1/M2 segment of the middle cerebral artery and/or intracranial internal carotid artery underwent head non-contrast CT and CTP. Simulated sCTA and mCTA were reconstructed from CTP data and were compared for collaterals assessment. The ability to predict target mismatch on CTP (an ischemic core < 70 ml, a mismatch ratio ≥ 1.8, and an absolute difference ≥ 15 ml) and 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0–2 was compared between sCTA and mCTA by using receiver operating curve analysis.

Results

sCTA underestimated the collateral status when compared with mCTA (p < 0.01). The ability of mCTA to predict target mismatch (AUC = 0.902, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.809, 0.959) and clinical outcome (AUC = 0.771; 95% CI, 0.655, 0.864) was better than that of sCTA (p < 0.05 overall). A mCTA collateral score of > 3 best identified the target mismatch (sensitivity, 78.4%; specificity, 90.9%) and predicted 90-day mRS score of 0–2 (sensitivity, 84.8%; specificity, 69.4%).

Conclusions

The collaterals were better estimated by mCTA compared with sCTA. A mCTA collateral score of > 3 optimized the prediction of a target mismatch on CTP and a good clinical outcome in patients with AIS.

Key Points

• Collateral circulation is a key determinant of ischemic core and penumbra. Better collaterals are associated with smaller ischemic core volumes and larger mismatch ratios on CT perfusion.

• The collaterals can be better estimated by multiphase CTA compared with single-phase CTA.

• A collateral score of > 3 on multiphase CTA best identifies patients with target mismatch on CT perfusion and predicts 90-day mRS score of 0–2.

Keywords

Collateral circulation Perfusion imaging CT angiography Stroke 

Abbreviations

AIF

Arterial input function

AIS

Acute ischemic stroke

AUC

Area under the ROC curve

CBF

Cerebral blood flow

CTA

CT angiography

CTP

CT perfusion

ICA

Internal carotid artery

IMS

Interventional Management of Stroke

MCA

Middle cerebral artery (MCA)

mCTA

Multiphase CT angiography

NCCT

Non-contrast CT

NIHSS

National Institute of Health Stroke Scale

RCTs

Randomized controlled trials

ROC

Receiver operating characteristic

sCTA

Single-phase CT angiography

Tmax

Time to maximum

VIF

Venous input function

VPCT

Volume perfusion CT

Notes

Acknowledgements

We sincerely thank Mrs. Min-lin Zhou from the National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, for her reviewing of all the statistics. We also thank Dr. Kai Qiu and Dr. Wei Wang for their kind help in collecting the clinical information.

Funding

The authors state that this work has not received any funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Guarantor

The scientific guarantor of this publication is Dr. Hai-bin Shi.

Email address: shihb@njmu.edu.cn.

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.

Statistics and biometry

Mrs. Min-lin Zhou from national clinical research center of kidney diseases, Jinling Hospital, kindly provided statistical advice for this manuscript.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was waived by the Institutional Review Board.

Ethical approval

Institutional Review Board approval was obtained.

Methodology

• Retrospective

• Case-control study

• Performed at one institution

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Interventional RadiologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Department of EmergencyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina

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