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European Radiology

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 9–14 | Cite as

CT evaluation of sigmoid plate dehiscence causing pulsatile tinnitus

  • Pengfei Zhao
  • Han Lv
  • Cheng Dong
  • Yantao Niu
  • Junfang Xian
  • Zhenchang WangEmail author
Head and Neck

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate the characteristics of sigmoid plate dehiscence (SPD) causing pulsatile tinnitus (PT) on CT arteriography and venography (CTA + V).

Methods

Thirty PT patients treated successfully with SPD reconstruction were enrolled. Sixty asymptomatic patients were matched. The location, extent, number of SPD cases and concomitant signs, including venous outflow dominance, transverse sinus stenosis, high jugular bulb, temporal bone pneumatization, height of pituitary gland and pituitary fossa, abnormal mastoid emissary vein, were detected and compared using CTA + V.

Results

More than one SPD was found on the symptomatic side in 13/30 PT patients (43.3 %). The upper segment of the sigmoid plate was involved in 29/44 SPDs in the vertical direction (65.9 %); the lateral wall was involved in 38/44 SPDs in the horizontal direction (86.4 %). Singular SPD was detected in 3/60 asymptomatic patients (1.67 ± 0.35 mm2), less so in PT patients (7.97 ± 5.17 mm2). Compared with the control group, ipsilateral venous outflow dominance, high jugular bulb and bilateral transverse sinus stenosis were more common in the PT group, together with deeper pituitary fossa and flatter pituitary glands.

Conclusion

SPD causing PT has characteristic CT findings. It may be generated by vascular or intracranial pressure abnormalities and act as a common key to triggering PT’s perception.

Key Points

Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) caused by sigmoid plate dehiscence (SPD) may be cured.

SPD causing PT has some characteristic findings on CT.

SPD may be a common key to triggering PT’s perception.

Thin-slice high resolution CT venography is recommended for SPD assessment.

The relationship between intracranial pressure and SPD causing PT should be studied.

Keywords

Pulsatile tinnitus Sigmoid sinus Dehiscence Intracranial pressure Computed tomography 

Abbreviations

SPD

Sigmoid plate dehiscence

SSD

Sigmoid sinus diverticulum

TBP

Temporal bone pneumatization

IH

Intracranial hypertension

HRCTV

High resolution CT venography

Notes

Acknowledgements

The scientific guarantor of this publication is Zhenchang Wang. The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article. This study has received funding by Grant 2012BA112B05 from the National Science & Technology Pillar Program during the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period of China, Grant 81171311 from the National Natural Science Foundation of China, Grant KZ20110025029 from the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study. Methodology: retrospective, case-control study, performed at one institution.

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pengfei Zhao
    • 1
  • Han Lv
    • 1
  • Cheng Dong
    • 1
  • Yantao Niu
    • 2
  • Junfang Xian
    • 2
  • Zhenchang Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Beijing Tongren HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina

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