European Radiology

, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp 2640–2648 | Cite as

Effectiveness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the classification and emergency management of abdominal trauma

  • Faqin Lv
  • Yanting Ning
  • Xuan Zhou
  • Yukun Luo
  • Tong Liang
  • Yongkang Nie
  • Tanshi Li
  • Jie Tang
Emergency Radiology



To analyse the correlation between contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)-based classification of the severity of abdominal parenchymal organ trauma and clinical outcomes, and to explore CEUS in classifying patients with such trauma, expecting that the use of CEUS will potentially enhance the quality and speed of the emergency management of abdominal trauma.


Three hundred six consecutive patients with blunt abdominal parenchymal organ trauma who received CEUS examination were retrospectively analysed. Two CEUS radiologists (identified as Reader A and Reader B in this study) who were not involved in the CEUS examinations of the patients were then asked to classify the patients independently according to their CEUS results. The classification results were later compared with patients’ clinical outcomes using Spearman’s rank correlation.


The final clinical outcomes showed that 25.5 % (78/306) of patients received conservative treatment, 52.0 % (159/306) received minimally invasive treatment, and 22.5 % (69/306) received surgery. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between the CEUS-based classification and clinical outcome were 0.952 from Reader A and 0.960 from Reader B.


CEUS can play an important role in the emergency management of abdominal trauma through the classification of patients for different treatment methods.

Key points

The severity of abdominal trauma was classified by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS)

There was a high correlation between CEUS-based classification and clinical outcomes

CEUS-based classification is helpful for surgeons in the emergency management of abdominal trauma


Abdominal parenchymal organ Trauma Contrast-enhanced ultrasound Classification Emergency 



We gratefully acknowledge The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81371561, No. 81327003) and The Welfare Industry Research Program of Ministry of Health (No. 201002014) for their financial support. The scientific guarantor of this publication is Jie Tang. The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article. Professor Xiutang Cao (Department of Statistics, Chinese People’s Liberation Army General Hospital) kindly provided statistical advice for this manuscript. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study. Methodology: retrospective, cross sectional study, multicentre study.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UltrasoundChinese People’s Liberation Army General HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of EmergencyChinese People’s Liberation Army General HospitalBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Ultrasound, Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese MedicineGuangzhou University of Chinese MedicineGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyChinese People’s Liberation Army General HospitalBeijingChina

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