Automated computer-aided stenosis detection at coronary CT angiography: initial experience
- First Online:
- 213 Downloads
To evaluate the performance of a computer-aided algorithm for automated stenosis detection at coronary CT angiography (cCTA).
We investigated 59 patients (38 men, mean age 58 ± 12 years) who underwent cCTA and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). All cCTA data sets were analyzed using a software algorithm for automated, without human interaction, detection of coronary artery stenosis. The performance of the algorithm for detection of stenosis of 50% or more was compared with QCA.
QCA revealed a total of 38 stenoses of 50% or more of which the algorithm correctly identified 28 (74%). Overall, the automated detection algorithm had 74%/100% sensitivity, 83%/65% specificity, 46%/58% positive predictive value, and 94%/100% negative predictive value for diagnosing stenosis of 50% or more on per-vessel/per-patient analysis, respectively. There were 33 false positive detection marks (average 0.56/patient), of which 19 were associated with stenotic lesions of less than 50% on QCA and 14 were not associated with an atherosclerotic surrogate.
Compared with QCA, the automated detection algorithm evaluated has relatively high accuracy for diagnosing significant coronary artery stenosis at cCTA. If used as a second reader, the high negative predictive value may further enhance the confidence of excluding significant stenosis based on a normal or near-normal cCTA study.
KeywordsCoronary artery disease Coronary artery stenosis Computed tomography Computer-aided detection Computer-aided diagnosis
- 19.Hendel RC, Patel MR, Kramer CM et al (2006) ACCF/ACR/SCCT/SCMR/ASNC/NASCI/SCAI/SIR 2006 appropriateness criteria for cardiac computed tomography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Quality Strategic Directions Committee Appropriateness Criteria Working Group, American College of Radiology, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, North American Society for Cardiac Imaging, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Interventional Radiology. J Am Coll Cardiol 48:1475–1497CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar