European Radiology

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 25–35 | Cite as

ESUR guidelines for MR imaging of the sonographically indeterminate adnexal mass: an algorithmic approach

  • John A. Spencer
  • Rosmarie Forstner
  • Teresa M. Cunha
  • Karen Kinkel
  • on behalf of the ESUR Female Imaging Sub-Committee
Urogenital

Abstract

A significant proportion of adnexal masses detected by sonography are indeterminate. Either their organ of origin is uncertain or it is unclear whether their nature is benign or malignant. MR imaging of the sonographically indeterminate adnexal mass can resolve most of these uncertainties. Most indeterminate masses result from common benign conditions and women with such masses can avoid unnecessary or inappropriate surgery. For the minority of women whose masses are malignant, use of MR imaging rather than a ‘wait and watch’ strategy of repeat ultrasound (US) results in a more timely diagnosis. There are simple diagnostic steps in the MR imaging assessment which direct an algorithmic and problem-solving approach based on signal characteristics and morphology. MR imaging should provide a more timely diagnosis and, thereby, guide the management of the patient with reduced costs of investigation and treatment.

Keywords

Ovary Ultrasound MR imaging Tumour Oncology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the following members of the subcommittee who contributed to discussion of the guidelines and responded to a questionnaire about current practice in their institutions: B Hamm, C Lopez, K Togashi, C Balleguier, R Kubik-Huch, R Manfredi, C Nicolao, AC Tsili and M Bazot. JAS is also grateful to Mrs Sheila Boyes, Ms Fiona Lang and Dr Sunethra Ghattameneni for help with selection and preparation of images to illustrate this article and for helpful comments on the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • John A. Spencer
    • 1
  • Rosmarie Forstner
    • 2
  • Teresa M. Cunha
    • 3
  • Karen Kinkel
    • 4
  • on behalf of the ESUR Female Imaging Sub-Committee
  1. 1.Department of RadiologySt. James’s University HospitalLeedsUK
  2. 2.Universitätsinstitut für RadiodiagnostikSalzburgAustria
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyHospital Pulido ValenteLisbonPortugal
  4. 4.Clinique des GrangettesGeneva University Hospital and Institut de RadiologieChêne-Bougeries/GenevaSwitzerland

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