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European Radiology

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 920–924 | Cite as

Separate visualization of endolymphatic space, perilymphatic space and bone by a single pulse sequence; 3D-inversion recovery imaging utilizing real reconstruction after intratympanic Gd-DTPA administration at 3 Tesla

  • Shinji NaganawaEmail author
  • Hiroko Satake
  • Minako Kawamura
  • Hiroshi Fukatsu
  • Michihiko Sone
  • Tsutomu Nakashima
Head and Neck

Abstract

Twenty-four hours after intratympanic administration of gadolinium contrast material (Gd), the Gd was distributed mainly in the perilymphatic space. Three-dimensional FLAIR can differentiate endolymphatic space from perilymphatic space, but not from surrounding bone. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether 3D inversion-recovery turbo spin echo (3D-IR TSE) with real reconstruction could separate the signals of perilymphatic space (positive value), endolymphatic space (negative value) and bone (near zero) by setting the inversion time between the null point of Gd-containing perilymph fluid and that of the endolymph fluid without Gd. Thirteen patients with clinically suspected endolymphatic hydrops underwent intratympanic Gd injection and were scanned at 3 T. A 3D FLAIR and 3D-IR TSE with real reconstruction were obtained. In all patients, low signal of endolymphatic space in the labyrinth on 3D FLAIR was observed in the anatomically appropriate position, and it showed negative signal on 3D-IR TSE. The low signal area of surrounding bone on 3D FLAIR showed near zero signal on 3D-IR TSE. Gd-containing perilymphatic space showed high signal on 3D-IR TSE. In conclusion, by optimizing the inversion time, endolymphatic space, perilymphatic space and surrounding bone can be separately visualized on a single image using a 3D-IR TSE with real reconstruction.

Keywords

Inner ear Endolymphatic hydrops Magnetic resonance Meniere’s disease 

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinji Naganawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hiroko Satake
    • 1
  • Minako Kawamura
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Fukatsu
    • 1
  • Michihiko Sone
    • 2
  • Tsutomu Nakashima
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.OtorhinolaryngologyNagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan

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