European Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp 2817–2827

Assessment of Crohn’s disease in the small bowel: prospective comparison of magnetic resonance enteroclysis with conventional enteroclysis

  • Gabriele Masselli
  • Emanuele Casciani
  • Elisabetta Polettini
  • Silvia Lanciotti
  • Luca Bertini
  • Gianfranco Gualdi
Gastrointestinal

Abstract

Our objective was to assess the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance enteroclysis (MRE) compared with conventional enteroclysis (CE) in patients with Crohn’s disease. A secondary objective was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of each different MR sequence. Sixty-six consecutive patients with known Crohn’s disease underwent MRE and CE. Fast imaging employing steady-state acquisition (FIESTA), single-shot fast spin-echo (ssFSE), and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted sequences were assessed by two radiologists who reached a consensus about the following findings: visualization of wall ulcers, pseudopolyps, fistulae, mural stenosis, and mesenteric abnormalities. Standard descriptive statistics and the McNemar test were used. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of MRE were 90–87% and 83% for the depiction of parietal ulcers, 84%–88% and 86% for pseudopolyps, 100–94% and 96% for mural stenosis, 93–100% and 94% for fistulae. The number of detected extraluminal findings was significantly higher with MRE (P<0.01). The accuracy of FIESTA sequence was statistically higher in the depiction of wall ulcers and fistulae than that of three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient echo (3D-FSPGR) (P<0.01) and ssFSE (P<0.05) sequences. Contrast-enhanced 3D-FSPGR was superior for mural stenosis visualization compared to ssFSE (P<0.05) and FIESTA (P<0.05). MRE correlates accurately with CE in the detection of superficial and transmural abnormalities and has the advantage of assessing the mesenteric manifestations.

Keywords

Magnetic resonance enteroclysis Crohn Small bowel 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriele Masselli
    • 1
  • Emanuele Casciani
    • 1
  • Elisabetta Polettini
    • 1
  • Silvia Lanciotti
    • 1
  • Luca Bertini
    • 1
  • Gianfranco Gualdi
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiology DEA Department, Umberto I Academic HospitalUniversity La SapienzaRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations