European Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 7, pp 1409–1415 | Cite as

Dual-source CT cardiac imaging: initial experience

  • Thorsten R. C. Johnson
  • Konstantin Nikolaou
  • Bernd J. Wintersperger
  • Alexander W. Leber
  • Franz von Ziegler
  • Carsten Rist
  • Sonja Buhmann
  • Andreas Knez
  • Maximilian F. Reiser
  • Christoph R. Becker
Cardiac

Abstract

The relation of heart rate and image quality in the depiction of coronary arteries, heart valves and myocardium was assessed on a dual-source computed tomography system (DSCT). Coronary CT angiography was performed on a DSCT (Somatom Definition, Siemens) with high concentration contrast media (Iopromide, Ultravist 370, Schering) in 24 patients with heart rates between 44 and 92 beats per minute. Images were reconstructed over the whole cardiac cycle in 10% steps. Two readers independently assessed the image quality with regard to the diagnostic evaluation of right and left coronary artery, heart valves and left ventricular myocardium for the assessment of vessel wall changes, coronary stenoses, valve morphology and function and ventricular function on a three point grading scale. The image quality ratings at the optimal reconstruction interval were 1.24±0.42 for the right and 1.09±0.27 for the left coronary artery. A reconstruction of diagnostic systolic and diastolic images is possible for a wide range of heart rates, allowing also a functional evaluation of valves and myocardium. Dual-source CT offers very robust diagnostic image quality in a wide range of heart rates. The high temporal resolution now also makes a functional evaluation of the heart valves and myocardium possible.

Keywords

Dual source CT Coronary CT angiography Coronary artery disease Heart valves Left ventricular function 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thorsten R. C. Johnson
    • 1
  • Konstantin Nikolaou
    • 1
  • Bernd J. Wintersperger
    • 1
  • Alexander W. Leber
    • 2
  • Franz von Ziegler
    • 2
  • Carsten Rist
    • 1
  • Sonja Buhmann
    • 1
  • Andreas Knez
    • 2
  • Maximilian F. Reiser
    • 1
  • Christoph R. Becker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical RadiologyUniversity of Munich–Grosshadern CampusMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Cardiology, Medical Clinic IUniversity of Munich–Grosshadern CampusMunichGermany

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