European Radiology

, Volume 15, Issue 10, pp 2172–2184 | Cite as

Applications of phase-contrast flow and velocity imaging in cardiovascular MRI

  • Peter D. Gatehouse
  • Jennifer Keegan
  • Lindsey A. Crowe
  • Sharmeen Masood
  • Raad H. Mohiaddin
  • Karl-Friedrich Kreitner
  • David N. Firmin
Magnetic Resonance

Abstract

A review of cardiovascular clinical and research applications of MRI phase-contrast velocity imaging, also known as velocity mapping or flow imaging. Phase-contrast basic principles, advantages, limitations, common pitfalls and artefacts are described. It can measure many different aspects of the complicated blood flow in the heart and vessels: volume flow (cardiac output, shunt, valve regurgitation), peak blood velocity (for stenosis), patterns and timings of velocity waveforms and flow distributions within heart chambers (abnormal ventricular function) and vessels (pulse-wave velocity, vessel wall disease). The review includes phase-contrast applications in cardiac function, heart valves, congenital heart diseases, major blood vessels, coronary arteries and myocardial wall velocity.

Keywords

MRI Cardiovascular Blood flow Phase contrast Velocity mapping 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter D. Gatehouse
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jennifer Keegan
    • 1
  • Lindsey A. Crowe
    • 1
  • Sharmeen Masood
    • 1
  • Raad H. Mohiaddin
    • 1
  • Karl-Friedrich Kreitner
    • 2
  • David N. Firmin
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Brompton Hospital and National Heart and Lung InstituteImperial CollegeLondonUK
  2. 2.Klinik und Poliklinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle RadiologieJohannes Gutenberg-UniversityMainzGermany
  3. 3.Cardiovascular MRI UnitRoyal Brompton HospitalLondonUK

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