European Radiology

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 220–228 | Cite as

Detection of liver metastases: gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced three-dimensional dynamic phases and one-hour delayed phase MR imaging versus superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced MR imaging

  • Young Kon Kim
  • Jeong Min LeeEmail author
  • Chong Soo Kim
  • Gyung Ho Chung
  • Chan Young Kim
  • In Hee Kim


The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA)-enhanced MR imaging, including dynamic phases and one-hour delayed phase, versus superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced imaging for detection of liver metastases. Twenty-three patients with 59 liver metastases underwent Gd-BOPTA-enhanced MR imaging (unenhanced, arterial, portal, equilibrium and one-hour delayed phase) using three-dimensional volumetric interpolated imaging and SPIO-enhanced T2-weighted turbo spin–echo and T2*-weighted gradient-echo sequences on a 1.5-T unit. Three observers independently interpreted the three sets of images, i.e. Gd-BOPTA-enhanced dynamic MRI (set 1), delayed phase imaging (set 2) and SPIO-enhanced MRI (set 3). Diagnostic accuracy was evaluated using the alternative-free response receiver operating chracteristic (ROC) analysis. Sensitivity and positive predictive value were also evaluated. The mean accuracy (Az values) and sensitivity of Gd-BOPTA-enhanced delayed phase imaging (0.982, 95.5%) were comparable to those of SPIO-enhanced imaging (0.984, 97.2%). In addition, Az values and sensitivities of both imaging sets were significantly higher than those of Gd-BOPTA-enhanced dynamic images (0.826, 77.4%: p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the positive predictive value among the three image sets. Gd-BOPTA-enhanced delayed phase imaging showed comparable diagnostic performance to SPIO-enhanced imaging for the detection of liver metastases, and had a better diagnostic performance than Gd-BOPTA-enhanced dynamic images.


Liver Neoplasm Magnetic resonance imaging Contrast agents 



The authors wish to thank Bonnie Hami for her editorial assistance in the manuscript preparation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young Kon Kim
    • 1
  • Jeong Min Lee
    • 2
    Email author
  • Chong Soo Kim
    • 1
  • Gyung Ho Chung
    • 1
  • Chan Young Kim
    • 3
  • In Hee Kim
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyChonbuk National University Hospital and Medical SchoolSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation MedicineSeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of General SurgeryChonbuk National University Hospital and Medical SchoolSeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineChonbuk National University Hospital and Medical SchoolSeoulRepublic of Korea

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