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European Radiology

, Volume 14, Issue 11, pp 2120–2124 | Cite as

Truncus arteriosus communis in a midtrimester fetus: comparison of prenatal ultrasound and MRI with postmortem MRI and autopsy

  • Matthias R. MühlerEmail author
  • Anett Rake
  • Michael Schwabe
  • Rabih Chaoui
  • Kay-Sven Heling
  • Christiane Planke
  • Alexander Lembcke
  • Thomas Fischer
  • Dietmar Kivelitz
Pediatric

Abstract

Different techniques are used in fetal cardiology, and their accuracy has been demonstrated on several occasions. Color Doppler US has proved to be a reliable and valuable tool in the diagnosis of fetal cardiac abnormalities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the fetal heart has, so far, played no role in prenatal diagnostics. We report on a truncus arteriosus communis diagnosed prenatally during a screening ultrasound at 22 weeks of gestation. In addition to real-time ultrasound and color Doppler echocardiography, fetal MRI was performed. Fetal echocardiography arose suspicion of a type I common trunk. Fetal MR showed solely a widened vessel coursing retrocardially and additionally an inhomogeneous fluid distribution of the lung not shown on prenatal US. After termination of pregnancy at 23 weeks of gestation, MR fetography and autopsy were performed, and both found a type II common trunk. MR autopsy of the heart was very reliable in this case and could be an alternative when fetal pathology is not available for different reasons. Postmortem MRI was also able to demonstrate the inhomogeneous fluid distribution in the lung, which was confirmed by autopsy. Fetal and postmortem MR was reliable in the detection of an inhomogeneous fluid distribution in the lung not shown on prenatal US, providing a relevant additional finding to US. Therefore, MRI should be used more often in fetal cardiology, although it still must be further developed.

Keywords

Truncus arteriosus communis Fetal ultrasound Fetal MRI MR fetography Cardiac malformation Autopsy 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias R. Mühler
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anett Rake
    • 2
  • Michael Schwabe
    • 3
  • Rabih Chaoui
    • 2
  • Kay-Sven Heling
    • 2
  • Christiane Planke
    • 4
  • Alexander Lembcke
    • 1
  • Thomas Fischer
    • 1
  • Dietmar Kivelitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, CharitéCCMBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Section for Prenatal Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, CharitéCCMBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of Pathology, CharitéCCMBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Department of Pediatrics and Juvenile MedicineCarl-Thiem-Klinikum CottbusCottbusGermany

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