European Radiology

, Volume 13, Issue 11, pp 2409–2418 | Cite as

Principles and applications of balanced SSFP techniques

  • Klaus SchefflerEmail author
  • Stefan Lehnhardt
Magnetic Resonance


During the past 5 years balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) has become increasingly important for diagnostic and functional imaging. Balanced SSFP is characterized by two unique features: it offers a very high signal-to noise ratio and a T2/T1-weighted image contrast. This article focuses on the physical principles, on the signal formation, and on the resulting properties of balanced SSFP. Mechanisms for contrast modification, recent clinical application, and potential extensions of this technique are discussed.


Rapid imaging Contrast modification Transient phase 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical Radiology, MR-PhysicsUniversity HospitalBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyUniversity Hospital of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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