Day and night mesopelagic fish assemblages off the Kerguelen Islands (Southern Ocean)
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Mesopelagic fish assemblages were investigated in the Polar Frontal Zone off the Kerguelen Islands during summer 1995, in parallel with a king penguin tracking study. During the day, the upper offshore water layers (0–200 m) have low potential prey diversity and abundance with only three fish species: a lanternfish, Krefftichthys anderssoni, a member of the Muraenolepididae, Muraenolepis marmoratus, and the early stages of the nototheniid, Lepidonotothen squamifrons. The mesopelagic fish community, including the typical myctophids, first appears in the deeper layer (300 m). At night, the surface layer (50 m) is invaded by the mesopelagic Myctophidae Electrona antarctica, Gymnoscopelus braueri, G. piabilis, G. fraseri, G. nicholsi, Protomyctophum bolini and P. tenisoni. Deeper (>100 m), a cline of species assemblages from the coast to offshore is observed.
KeywordsSurface Layer Fish Species Deep Layer Water Layer Southern Ocean
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