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Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) ecology: insights from the Russian literature. Part 2: European part of the Russian breeding range

  • Julia Loshchagina
  • Sandra Vardeh
  • Petr Glazov
  • Ingrid L. Pollet
  • Petra QuillfeldtEmail author
Review

Abstract

Long-tailed Ducks (Clangula hyemalis) breed around lakes in tundra vegetation and spend their winter at sea. Their most important wintering site in Europe is the Baltic Sea, and most of the birds wintering there breed in northern Russia. In light of recent population declines, particularly of the Baltic Sea wintering population, it is important to gather all available information for this species to better understand their life history, and to pinpoint the primary threats leading to their decline. Because non-English literature is often neglected, we compiled a review of the information collected in 101 Russian scientific articles published between 1895 and 2017 relevant to Long-tailed Ducks inhabiting the European part of Russia (from Pskov Lake to Yugor Peninsula). We focused on their distribution, breeding densities as well as breeding and feeding biology. The data overall show a similar breeding biology and timing compared to the Asian part of the breeding range. However, due to limitations of the geographical and temporal scope of the reviewed studies, recent trends cannot be detected. Therefore, comprehensive studies are required to understand the contribution of changes in the breeding grounds to population declines observed in the wintering grounds. The data summarized here can provide a basis for such studies, including repeat surveys that will help to understand population trends.

Keywords

Arctic Clangula hyemalis Long-tailed Duck Russia 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this review was granted from the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (Bundesamt für Naturschutz, BfN), award MEERESENTEN (3516821500), by the Russian Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Project No. AAAA-A19-119021990093–8) and by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grant 18-05-60057 Arctic "The "greening" of tundra as a driver of Arctic biota dynamics").

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

300_2019_2595_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (17 kb)
Supplementary file1 (XLSX 16 kb)
300_2019_2595_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (36 kb)
Supplementary file2 (XLSX 35 kb)

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography RASMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Animal Ecology & SystematicsJustus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany

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