Advertisement

Polar Biology

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 1185–1196 | Cite as

Freshwater diatom biogeography and the genus Luticola: an extreme case of endemism in Antarctica

  • J. P. Kociolek
  • K. Kopalová
  • S. E. Hamsher
  • T. J. Kohler
  • B. Van de Vijver
  • P. Convey
  • D. M. McKnight
Review

Abstract

Historical views have characterized Antarctica as a frozen desert with low diversity, although recent studies suggest that this may not be true for microscopic organisms. For microbes, assessing endemism in the Antarctic region has been particularly important, especially against a backdrop of debate regarding their presumed cosmopolitan nature. To contribute to this conversation, we highlight the observed endemism of the freshwater diatom genus Luticola in Antarctica by synthesizing the results of a modern high-resolution taxonomy from the Continental, Maritime, and sub-Antarctic regions. We report that Luticola has one of the highest endemic rates of any diatom genus in Antarctica, in terms of total number of species (taxon endemism) and percentage of the entire genus (phylogenetic endemism). Of the over 200 species of Luticola globally, nearly 20% (43) occur in the Antarctic, with 42 of these being endemic. Within regions, Maritime Antarctica has the largest number of Luticola species and endemics (28 and 23, respectively), followed by Continental Antarctica (14, 9) and sub-Antarctic islands (8, 6). Thus, 38 of the 42 endemics are found in a single region only. While the timing of Luticola diversification has not been established, fossil evidence suggests recent invasions and/or diversification over a relatively short geologic timescale. Understanding the origin and evolution of endemic diatom species in Antarctica will help us better understand microbial biogeography, as well as assess and interpret impacts of large-scale environmental change taking place at southern latitudes.

Keywords

Dry Valleys Bacillariophyta Sub-Antarctic islands Cryosphere Ubiquity hypothesis James Ross Island 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by the MCMLTER (NSFOPP-9211773, OPP-9810219, OPP-424 0096250, and OPP-1115245 over the years) and by NSF Antarctic Organisms and Ecosystems Program Award OPP-0839020. We acknowledge the collaboration with Sarah Spaulding and Diana Nemergut. Kateřina Kopalová received financial support 427 from "Nadání Josefa, Maria a Zdeňky Hlávkových" and "Nadace Český literární fond" 428 for her travel to the University of Colorado, Boulder.

References

  1. Adams BJ, Bardgett RD, Ayres, E, Wall DH, Aislabie J, Bamforth S, Bargagli R, Cary C, Cavacini P, Connell L, Convey P, Fell JW, Frati F, Hogg ID, Newsham KK, O’Donnell A, Russell N, Seppelt RD, Stevens MI (2006) Diversity and distribution of Victoria Land biota. Soil Biol Biochemi 38: 3003–3018Google Scholar
  2. Bellinger PF, Christiansen KA, Janssens F (1996–2015) Checklist of the Collembola of the world. Accessed 16 February, 2015 at http://www.collembola.org
  3. Benninghoff WS (1987) The Antarctic ecosystem. Environ Int 13:9–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Björck S, Olsson S, Ellis-Evans C, Håkansson H, Humlum O, Lirio JM (1996) Late Holocene palaeoclimatic records from lake sediments on James Ross Island, Antarctica. Palaeogeogr Palaeoecl 121: 195–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brundin L (1966) Transantarctic relationships and their significance, as evidenced by chironomid midges. With a monograph of the subfamilies Podonominae and Aphroteniinae and the austral Heptagyiae. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, Fjärde Serien 11: 1–472Google Scholar
  6. Cande SC, Stock JM, Müller RD, Ishihara T (2000) Cenozoic motion between East and West Antarctica. Nature 404:145–150PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carlson GWF (1913) Süsswasser-Algen aus der Antarktis, Süd-Georgien und den Falkland Inseln. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903, unter leitung von Dr. Otto Nordenskjöld. Stockholm, Lithographisches Institut des Generalstabs 4(14):1–94Google Scholar
  8. Cassie V (1989) Checklist of the freshwater diatoms of New Zealand. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 4:1–129Google Scholar
  9. Cholnoky BJ (1954) Diatomeen und einige andere Algen aus dem “de Hoek”—reservat in nord-transvaal. Bot Notiser 3:269–296Google Scholar
  10. Chong CW, Goh YS, Convey P, Pearce D, Tan IKP (2013) Spatial pattern in Antarctica: what can we learn from Antarctic bacterial isolates? Extremophiles 17:733–745PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chown SL, Convey P (2007) Spatial and temporal variability across life’s hierarchies in the terrestrial Antarctic. Philos T Roy Soc B 362:2307–2331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Clarke A, Johnston N (2003) Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanogr. Mar Biol 41:47–104Google Scholar
  13. Convey P (2003) Maritime Antarctic climate change: signals from terrestrial biology. In: Domack E, Burnett A, Leventer A, Convey P, Kirby M, Bindschadler R (eds) Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Historical and Palaeoenvironmental Perspectives. Antarctic Research Series, 9. American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, USA, pp 145–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Convey P (2007) Influences on and origins of terrestrial biodiversity of the sub-Antarctic islands. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 141:83–93Google Scholar
  15. Convey P (2010) Terrestrial biodiversity in Antarctica: recent advances and future challenges. Polar Sci 4:135–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Convey P (2013) Antarctic ecosystems in encyclopedia of biodiversity. Volume 1. Second edition, ed. S.A. Elsevier, Levin, San Diego, pp 179–188Google Scholar
  17. Convey P, Block W (1996) Diptera: Ecology, physiology and distribution. Eur J Entomol 93:1–13Google Scholar
  18. Convey P, McInnes SJ (2005) Exceptional tardigrade-dominated ecosystems in Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. Ecology 86:519–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Convey P, Gibson JAE, Hillenbrand C-D, Hodgson DA, Pugh PJA, Smellie JL, Stevens MI (2008) Antarctic terrestrial life–challenging the history of the frozen continent? Biol Rev 83:103–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Convey P, Stevens MI, Hodgson DA, Smellie JL, Hillenbrand C-D, Barnes DKA, Clarke A, Pugh PJA, Linse K, Cary SC (2009) Exploring biological constraints on the glacial history of Antarctica. Quaternary Sci Rev 28:3035–3048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Convey P, Chown SL, Clarke A, Barnes DKA, Bokhorst S et al (2014) The spatial structure of Antarctic biodiversity. Ecol Monogr 84:203–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cranston PS (1985) Eretmoptera murphyi Schaeffer (Diptera, Chironomeidae), an apparently parthogenetic Antarctic midge. Bull Br Antarctic Surv 66:35–45Google Scholar
  23. Cranston PS (1996) Introduction to the chironomidae. In: The chrionomidae: biology and ecology of non-biting midges, eds P.D. Armitage, Cranston P, Pinder, LC. Springer, New York, pp 1–7Google Scholar
  24. Czechowski P, Sands CJ, Adams BJ, D’Haese CA, Gibson JAE, McInnes SJ, Stevens MI (2012) Antarctic Tardigrada: a first step in understanding molecular operational taxonomic units (MOTUs) and biogeography of cryptic meiofauna. Invertebr Syst 26:526–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Dartnall HJG (1983) Rotifers of the Antarctic and Subantarctic. Hydrobiologia 104:57–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. De Wever A, Leliaert F, Verleyen E, Vanormelingen P, Van der Gucht K, Hodgson DA, Sabbe K, Vyverman W (2009) Hidden levels of phylodiversity in Antarctic green algae: further evidence for the existence of glacial refugia. Proc R Soc B-Biol Sci 276: 3591–3599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Esposito RMM, Spaulding SA, McKnight DM, Van de Vijver B, Kopalová K, Lubinski D, Hall B, Whittaker T (2008) Inland diatoms from the McMurdo dry valleys and James Ross Island, Antarctica. Botany 86:1378–1392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Finlay BJ (2002) Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryotic species. Science 296:1061–1063PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Finlay BJ, Clarke KJ (1999) Ubiquitous dispersal of microbial species. Nature 400:828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Finlay BJ, Fenchel T (2004) Cosmopolitan metapopulations of free-living microbial eukaryotes. Protist 155:237–244PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Foged N (1978) Diatoms in eastern Australia. Bibliotheca Phycologica 41:1–243Google Scholar
  32. Foged N (1979) Diatoms in New Zealand, the North Island. Bibliotheca Phycologica 47:1–225Google Scholar
  33. Fontaneto D, Iakovenko N, De Smet WH (2015) Diversity gradients of rotifer species richness in Antarctica. Hydrobiologia. doi: 10.1007/s10750-015-2258-5 Google Scholar
  34. Fourtanier E, Kociolek JP (2011) Catalogue of diatoms names. California Academy of Sciences. Available at: http://research.calacademy.org/research/diatoms/names/index.asp (16 May 2011)
  35. Frenguelli J (1924) Resultados de la Primera Expedición a Tierra del Fuego (1921)—Diatomeas de Tierra del Fuego. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 97:87–118, 231–266Google Scholar
  36. Greenslade P (1995) Collembola from the Scotia Arc and Antarctic Peninsula including descriptions of two new species and notes on biogeography. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 64:305–319Google Scholar
  37. Greenslade P (2006) ‘Springtails’, in, encyclopedia of the Antarctic, ed. Beau Riffenburgh, (USA, Routledge). Taylor & Francis Group, USA, p 960Google Scholar
  38. Griffiths HJ, Barnes DKA, Linse K (2009) Towards a generalised biogeography of the Southern Ocean Benthos. J Biogeogr 36:162–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Guidetti R, Rebecchi L, Cesari M, McInnes SJ (2014) Mopsechiniscus franciscae, a new species of a rare genus of Tardigrada from continental Antarctica. Polar Biol 37:1221–1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hamsher SE, Graeff CL, Stepanek JG, Kociolek JP (2014) Variation in valve and girdle band morphology in freshwater Denticula (Bacillariophyceae) species: Implications for the systematic position of the genus including the description of Tetralunata gen. nov. (Epithemiaceae, Rhopalodiales). Plant Ecol Evol 147:346–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Hamsher SE, Kopalová K, Kociolek JP, Zidarova R, Van de Vijver B (2016) The genus Nitzschia on the South Shetland Islands and James Ross Island. Fottea 16:79–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Hodgson D, Vyverman W Tyler P (1997) Diatom of meromictic lakes adjacent to the Gordon River and of the Gordon River estuary in south-west Tasmania. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 35:1–173Google Scholar
  43. Hustedt F (1964) Die Kieselalgen Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz unter Berücksichtigung der übrigen Länder Europas sowie der angrenzenden Meeresgebiete. Kryptogamen Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 7:57–816Google Scholar
  44. Jones VJ (1996) The diversity, distribution and ecology of diatoms from Antarctic inland waters. Biodivers Conserv 5(:):1433–1449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Jönsson KI, Bertolani R (2001) Facts and fiction about long-term survival in tardigrades. J Zool 255:121–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Kellogg TB, Kellog DE (2002) Non-marine and littoral diatoms from Antarctic and subantarctic regions. Distribution and updated taxonomy. Diatom Monographs 1:1–795Google Scholar
  47. Kociolek JP (2007) “Diatoms: Unique Eukaryotic Extremophiles Providing Insights into Planetary Change”. In: Hoover RB, Levin GV, Rozanov AY, Davies PCW (eds) Proceedings of the SPIE Optics and Photonics Conference, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology X, vol 6694. SPIE, San Diego, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  48. Kociolek JP, Jones VJ (1995) A new Gomphonema species from Antarctica. Diatom Res 10:269–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Kociolek JP, Spaulding SA (2000) Freshwater diatom biogeography. Nova Hedwigia 71:223–241Google Scholar
  50. Kohler TJ, Kopalová K, Van de Vijver B, Kociolek JP (2015) The genus Luticola D.G. Mann (Bacillariophyta) from the McMurdo Sound Region, Antarctica, with the description of four new species. Phytotaxa 208:103–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Komárek J (2013) Phenotypic and ecological diversity of freshwater coccoid cyanobacteria from maritime Antarctica and islands of NW Weddell Sea. I. Synechococcales. Czech Polar Rep 3:130–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Konfirst MA, Sjunneskog C, Scherer RP, Doran PT (2011) A diatom record of environmental change in Fryxell Basin, Taylor Valley, Antarctica, late Pleistocene to present. J Paleolimnol 46:257–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Kopalová K, Elster J, Nedbalová L, Van de Vijver B (2009) Three new terrestrial diatom species from seepage areas on James Ross Island (Antarctic Peninsula Region). Diatom Res 24:113–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Kopalová K, Nedbalová L, De Haan M, Van de Vijver B (2011) Description of five new species of the diatom genus Luticola (Bacillariophyta, Diadesmidaceae) found in lakes of James Ross Island (Maritime Antarctic Region). Phytotaxa 27:44–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Kulikovskiy MS, Lange-Bertalot H, Metzeltin D, Witkowski A (2012) Lake Baikal: hotspot of endemic diatoms. Iconographia Diatomologica 23:1–686Google Scholar
  56. Laity T, Laffan SW, González-Orozco CE, Faith DP, Rosauer DF, Byrne M, Miller JT, Crayn D, Costion C, Moritz CC, Newport K (2015) Phylodiversity to inform conservation policy: an Australian example. Sci Total Environ. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.113 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Lee CK, Barbier BA, Bottos EM, McDonald IR, Cary SC (2011) The inter-valley soil comparative survey: the ecology of Dry Valley edaphic microbial communities. Multidiscip J Microbial Ecol 5:1–12Google Scholar
  58. Levkov Z, Metzeltin D, Pavlov A (2012) Luticola and Luticolopsis. Diatoms Europe 7:1–654Google Scholar
  59. Lowe RL, Furey PC, Ress JA, Johansen JR (2007) Diatom biodiversity and distribution on wetwalls in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Southeast Nat Special Issue 1:135–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Lowe RL, Kociolek JP, Van De Vijver B (2013) Two new Orthoseira species (Bacillariophyceae) from lava tubes. Phytotaxa 111:39–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Maidana NI, Izaguirre I, Vincour A, Mataloni G, Pizarro H (2005) Diatomeas en una transecta Patagónica-Antártica. Ecología Austra 15:159–176Google Scholar
  62. Moniz MBJ, Rindi F, Novis PM, Broady PA, Guiry MD (2012) Molecular phylogeny of Antarctic Prasiola (Prasiolales, Trebouxiophyceae) reveals extensive cryptic diversity. J Phycol 48:940–955PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Mortimer E, Jansen van Vuuren B, Lee JE, Marshall DJ, Convey P, Chown SL (2011) Mite dispersal among Southern Ocean islands and Antarctica before the last glacial maximum. Proc Roy Soc B-Biol Sci 278:1247–1255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Munilla T, Membrives AS (2009) Check-list of the pycnogonids from Antarctic and sb-Antarctic waters: zoogeographic implications. Antarct Sci 21:99–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Ochyra R, Smith RIL, Bednarek-Ochyra H (2008) The illustrated moss flora of Antarctica. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  66. Øvstedal DO, Smith RIL (2001) Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia. A guide to their identification and ecology. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  67. Øvstedal DO, Smith RI (2004) Further additions to the lichen flora of Antarctica and South Georgia. Nova Hedwigia 88:157–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Øvstedal DO, Smith RIL (2011) Four additional lichens from the Antarctic and South Georgia, including a new Leciophysma species. Folia Cryptog Estonica 48:65–68Google Scholar
  69. Peeters K, Verleyen E, Hodgson DA, Convey P, Ertz D, Vyverman W, Willems A (2012) Heterotrophic bacterial diversity in aquatic microbial mat communities from Antarctica. Polar Biol 35:543–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Pichrtová M, Remias D, Lewis LA, Holzinger A (2013) Changes in phenolic compounds and cellular ultrastructure of arctic and Antarctic strains of Zygnema (Zygnematophyceae, Streptophyta) after exposure to experimentally enhanced UV to PAR ratio. Microbial Ecol 65:68–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Potapova MG, Charles DF (2002) Benthic diatoms in USA rivers: distributions along spatial and environmental gradients. J Biogeogr 29:167–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Pugh PJA (1993) A synonymic catalogue of the Acari from Antarctica, the sub-Antarctic Islands and the Southern Ocean. J Nat Hist 27:323–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Pugh PJA, Convey P (2008) Surviving out in the cold: Antarctica endemic invertebrates and their refugia. J Biogeogr 35:2176–2186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Rosauer D, Laffan SW, Crisp MD, Donnellan SC, Cook LG (2009) Phylogenetic endemism: a new approach for identifying geographical concentrations of evolutionary history. Molec Ecol 18:4061–4072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Round FE, Crawford RM, Mann DG (1990) The diatoms. Biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  76. Ruddell A (2006) An inventory of present glaciers on Heard Island and their historical variation, in Heard Island: Southern Ocean Sentinel, ed. Green, K, Woehler, E, (Chipping Norton, Australia, Surrey Beatty and Sonse), 28–51Google Scholar
  77. Ruprecht U, Lumbsch HT, Brunauer G, Allan TG, Türk R (2012) Insights into the Diversity of Lecanoraceae (Lecanorales, Ascomycota) in continental Antarctica (Ross Sea region). Nova Hedwigia 94:287–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sakaeva A, Sokol ER, Kohler TJ, Stanish LF, Spaulding SA, Howkins A, Welch KA, Lyons WB, Barrett JE, McKnight DM (2016) Evidence for dispersal and habitat controls on pond diatom communities from the McMurdo Sound Region of Antarctica. Polar Biol 1–16Google Scholar
  79. Schmidt SK, Lynch RC, King AJ, Karki D, Robeson MS, Nagy L, Williams MW, Mitter MS, Freeman KR (2010) Phylogeography of microbial phototrophs in the dry valleys of the high Himalayas and Antarctica. Proc R Soc B-Biol Sci 278:702–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Souffreau C, Vanormelingen P, Van de Vijver B, Isheva T, Verleyen E, Sabbe K, Vyverman W (2013) Molecular evidence for distinct Antarctic lineages in the cosmopolitan terrestrial diatoms Pinnularia borealis and Hantzschia amphioxys. Protist 164:101–115PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Spaulding SA, Stoermer EF (1997) Taxonomy and distribution of the genus Muelleria Frenguelli. Diatom Res 12:95–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Spaulding SA, Kociolek JP, Wong D (1999) A taxonomic and systematic revision of the genus Muelleria (Frenguelli) Frenguelli (Bacillariophyta). Phycologia 38:314–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Sugden DE, Bentley MJ, Cofaigh CO (2006) Geological and geomorphological insights into Antarctic ice sheet evolution. T Roy Soc Lond A 364:1607–1625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Thangaraj G (2015) Antarctic strain of filamentous alga Zygnema sp. shows a high resistance to photoinhibition under simulated polar conditions. Czech Polar Reports 5:176–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Toro M, Camacho A, Rochera C, Rico E, Bañón M, Fernández-Valiente E, Marco E, Justel A, Avendaño MC, Ariosa Y, Vincent WF, Quesada A (2007) Limnological characteristics of the freshwater ecosystems of Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, in Maritime Antarctica. Polar Biol 30:635–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Torricelli G, Carapelli A, Convey P, Nardi F, Boore JL, Frati F (2010) High divergence across the whole mitochondrial genome in the “pan-Antarctic” springtail Friesea grisea: evidence for cryptic species? Gene 449:30–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Turner J, Bindschadler R, Convey P, Prisco di, G, Fahrbach E, Gutt, J, Hodgson, D, Mayewski P, Summerhayes C (eds) (2009) Antarctic Climate Change and the Environment. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge. p 555Google Scholar
  88. Van Heurck H (1909) Diatomées. In: Résultats du Voyage du S.Y. Belgica en 1897–1898–1899. Rapports Scientifiques. Botanique 6. Antwerpen, Imprimerie Bushmann J-EGoogle Scholar
  89. Van de Vijver B, Beyens L (1999) Biogeography and ecology of freshwater diatoms in sub-Antarctica: a review. J Biogeogr 26:993–1000CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Van de Vijver B, Crawford RM (2014) Orthoseira limnopolarensis sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta), a new diatom species from Livingston Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Cryptogamie Algol 35:245–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Van de Vijver B, Kopalová K (2008) Orthoseira gremmenii sp. nov., a new aerophilic diatom from Gough Island (southern Atlantic Ocean). Cryptogamie Algol 29:105–118Google Scholar
  92. Van de Vijver B, Mataloni G (2008) New and interesting species in the genus Luticola D.G. Mann (Bacillariophyta) from Deception Island (South Shetland Islands). Phycologia 47:451–467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Van de Vijver B, Zidarova R (2011) Five new taxa in the genus Pinnularia sectio Distantes (Bacillariophyta) from Livingston Island (South Shetland Islands). Phytotaxa 24:39–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Van de Vijver B, Frenot Y, Beyens, L (2002) Freshwater diatoms from Ile de la Possession (Crozet Archipelago, sub-Antarctica). Bibliotheca Diatomologica 46:1–412Google Scholar
  95. Van de Vijver B, Beyens L, Lange-Bertalot H (2004) The genus Stauroneis in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 51:1–317Google Scholar
  96. Van de Vijver B, Van Dam H, Beyens L (2006) Luticola higleri sp. nov., a new diatom species from King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Nova Hedwigia 82:69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Van de Vijver B, Mataloni G, Stanish L, Spaulding SA (2010) New and interesting species of the genus Muelleria (Bacillariophyta) from the Antarctic Region and South Africa. Phycologia 49:22–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Van de Vijver B, Zidarova R, de Haan M (2011) Four new Luticola taxa (Bacillariophyta) from the South Shetland Islands and James Ross Island (Maritime Antarctic Region). Nova Hedwigia 92:137–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Van de Vijver B, Tavernier I, Kellogg TB, Gibson J, Verleyen E, Vyverman W, Sabbe K (2012a) Revision of type materials of Antarctic diatom species (Bacillariophyta) described by West & West (1911), with the description of two new species. Fottea 12:149–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Van de Vijver B, Chattová B, Metzeltin D, Lebouvier M (2012b) The genus Pinnularia (Bacillariophyta) on Ile Amsterdam (TAAF, Southern Indian Ocean). Nova Hedwigia Beih 141:201–236Google Scholar
  101. Van de Vijver B, Zidarova R, Kopalová K (2014) New species in the genus Muelleria (Bacillariophyta) from the Maritime Antarctic Region. Fottea 14:77–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Vanormelingen P, Verleyen E Vyverman W (2008) The diversity and distribution of diatoms: from cosmopolitan to narrow endemism. Biodivers Conserv 17:393–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Velasco-Castrillón A, Page TJ, Gibson JAE, Stevens MI (2014) Surprisingly high levels of biodiversity and endemism amongst Antarctic rotifers uncovered with mitochondrial DNA. Biodiversity 15:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Vinocur A, Maidana NI (2010) Spatial and temporal variations in moss-inhabiting summer diatom communities from Potter Peninsula (King George Island, Antarctica). Polar Biol 33:443–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Vyverman W, Vyverman R, Hodgson D, Tyler P (1995) Diatoms from Tasmanian mountain lakes: a reference data-set (TASDIAT) for environmental reconstruction and a systematic and autecological study. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 33:1–193Google Scholar
  106. Vyverman W, Verleyen E, Sabbe K, Vanhoutte K, Sterken M, Hodgson DA, Mann DG, Sjuggins S, Van de Vijver, B, Jones V, Flower R, Roberts D, Chepurnov VA, Kilroy C, Vanormelingen P, De Wever A (2007) Historical processes constrain patterns in global diatom diversity. Ecology 88:1924–1931PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Vyverman W, Verleyen E, Wilmotte A, Hodgson DA, Willem A, Peeters, K, Van de Vijver B, De Wever A, Leliaert F, Sabbe K (2010) Evidence for widespread endemism among Antarctic micro-organisms. Polar Sci 4: 103–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. West W, West GS (1911) ‘Freshwater algae.’ in, Biology, vol 1. Reports on the Scientific Investigations, British Antarctic Expedition 1907(9), ed. J. Murray. Heinemann, London, pp 263–298Google Scholar
  109. Wise KAJ (1967) ‘Collembola (Springtails)’. in Entomology of Antarctica. ed. Gressitt JL, Wiley, New York, 123–148Google Scholar
  110. Wise KAJ (1971) The Collembola of Antarctica. Pac Insects Monogr 25:57–74Google Scholar
  111. Zakhia F, Jungblut A-D, Taton A, Vincent WF, Willmotte A (2008) Cyanobacteria and cold ecosystems. Chapter 8 in Psychrophiles: from Biodiveristy to Biotechnology, Eds R. Margesin, F. Schinner, J.-C. Marx, and C. Gerday. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 121–135Google Scholar
  112. Zidarova R, Kopalová K, Van de Vijver B (2012) The genus Pinnularia (Bacillariophyta) excluding the section Distantes on Livingston Island (South Shetland Islands) with the description of twelve new taxa. Phytotaxa 44:11–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Zidarova R, Levkov Z, Van de Vijver B (2014) Four new Luticola taxa (Bacillariophyta) from Maritime Antarctica. Phytotaxa 170:155–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Kociolek
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Kopalová
    • 3
  • S. E. Hamsher
    • 1
  • T. J. Kohler
    • 3
    • 4
  • B. Van de Vijver
    • 5
    • 6
  • P. Convey
    • 7
  • D. M. McKnight
    • 4
  1. 1.Museum of Natural History, UCB 218University of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of Ecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePrague 2Czech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of Arctic and Alpine ResearchUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  5. 5.Department of Bryophyta and ThallophytaBotanic Garden MeiseMeiseBelgium
  6. 6.Department of Biology, ECOBEUniversity of AntwerpWilrijkBelgium
  7. 7.British Antarctic SurveyCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations