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Polar Biology

, Volume 39, Issue 11, pp 2155–2167 | Cite as

Species composition and abundance of the shallow water fish community of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard

  • Markus BrandEmail author
  • Philipp Fischer
Original Paper

Abstract

Projections show that climate change will lead to structural change in Arctic ecosystems. Studies project the extinction of local species and intense species invasion to the Arctic Ocean. A lack of basic biological data about the Arctic shallow water fish community will make it hard to assess whether these communities will change or not. Baseline studies in combination with future reassessments are needed to establish a basic knowledge about the change of these communities. This study provides a quantitative first time description of the shallow water fish community of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. The fish assemblage in the depth range from 3 to 12 m was determined with respect to abundance and species composition. Among a total sample size of 2804 specimens, the presence of 12 fish species and one family (Liparidae) was detected. Myoxocephalus scorpius (shorthorn sculpin) (74.9 %), Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) (17.2 %), and Gymnocanthus tricuspis (Arctic staghorn sculpin) (3.8 %) were identified as the most abundant species across all sampling sites. A significant relationship between algal coverage and fish abundance was detected. Furthermore, we demonstrated a fjord inward increase in biodiversity along the south shore that might be correlated with a change in hydrographic regime.

Keywords

Demersal Sublittoral Coastal habitats Algal belts Species diversity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was performed at the International Arctic Environmental Research and Monitoring Facility in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen, Norway. We thank the crew of the AWIPEV Arctic Research Base for their great support of our fieldwork. Furthermore, we appreciate the helpful comments of the reviewers of this manuscript. We would also like to thank Michael Greenacre for statistical support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animal were followed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biologische Anstalt Helgoland, Centre for Scientific DivingAlfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und MeeresforschungHelgolandGermany

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