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Polar Biology

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 603–613 | Cite as

Abundant deposits of nutrients inside lakebeds of Antarctic oligotrophic lakes

  • Yukiko TanabeEmail author
  • Saori Yasui
  • Takashi Osono
  • Masaki Uchida
  • Sakae Kudoh
  • Masumi Yamamuro
Original Paper

Abstract

Most freshwater lakes in continental Antarctica are in a paradoxical situation as they are in nutrient-poor conditions despite luxuriant vegetation growth covering the entire lakebed. Although the phytobenthos possibly take up nutrients from inside lakebeds, the amount of nutrients and their utilization by these phytobenthos are unclear. Sediment cores were collected from 17 freshwater lakes in East Antarctica, then dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and phosphate of the lake waters, and the vertical profiles of the interstitial water in the sediment cores were analyzed. Here we revealed that there are abundant nutrients inside lakebeds surface with 3–220 times the amount of DIN and 2–102 times concentration of phosphate than those in lake water, and the nutrient profile inside the sediment suggested that the phytobenthos can utilize the much nutrients from lakebeds. We also show that nitrogen stable isotope ratios of shallower phytobenthos lying on the small amount of nutrients in a lake are similar to that of terrestrial cyanobacteria possessing N2 fixation ability.

Keywords

Oligotrophic lakes Sediments Antarctica Polar ecosystems Material cycle Freshwater 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by a research grant of a project under the Centre for the Promotion of Integrated Sciences (CPIS) of the Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI) and by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 26310213 and 21810035. The authors acknowledge the members of the 51st and 53rd Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition for their field support, particularly the summer party leaders, Prof. Y. Motoyoshi and Prof. H. Yamagishi, for their logistic support. We also thank Ms. C. Ôuchida and Prof. J. Kanda of Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology for assistance and for providing the nutrient analysis facilities and Dr. E. Cooper of University of Tromsø for English proofreading.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yukiko Tanabe
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Saori Yasui
    • 3
  • Takashi Osono
    • 4
  • Masaki Uchida
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sakae Kudoh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masumi Yamamuro
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.National Institute of Polar ResearchResearch Organization of Information and SystemsTachikawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Polar ScienceSOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies)TachikawaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Ocean Sciences, Faculty of Marine ScienceTokyo University of Marine Science and TechnologyTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Center for Ecological ResearchKyoto UniversityOtsuJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  6. 6.Institute of Geology and GeoinformationGeological Survey of Japan (GSJ), AISTTsukubaJapan

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