Advertisement

Polar Biology

, Volume 39, Issue 12, pp 2335–2346 | Cite as

Can sediment trap-collected zooplankton be used for ecological studies?

  • Ryosuke MakabeEmail author
  • Hiroshi Hattori
  • Makoto Sampei
  • Gérald Darnis
  • Louis Fortier
  • Hiroshi Sasaki
Original Paper

Abstract

The absence of quantitative comparisons of sediment trap-collected zooplankton (TCZ) and plankton net-collected zooplankton (NCZ) prevents the effective use of TCZ for ecological studies. We compared 24 TCZ time-series at 200 m with 19 vertical NCZ casts and recorded various environmental variables in Franklin Bay, Canadian Arctic during 2003–2004. While 30 taxonomic groups were commonly found in both the TCZ and NCZ assemblages, their taxonomic composition and seasonal variation differed. Based on the multiple regression analysis, we divided zooplankton taxa into three groups; Group 1: it was significantly correlated with NCZ abundance, Group 2: it was significantly correlated with environmental variables but not with NCZ abundance, and Group 3: no significant correlations were found. Pteropods (mostly Limacina helicina) and two copepods (Heterorhabdus norvegicus and Metridia longa) were found in Group 1, suggesting that their entrapment activity were relatively constant throughout the year, and therefore their NCZ abundance can be estimated from that of TCZ using the trap settings in this study. Conversely, in Group 2, Calanus hyperboreus had no significant relationship with the NCZ abundance (C. hyperboreus). This is likely the result of a winter peak in TCZ abundance during their reproductive season; the co-occurrence of high suspended particulate organic matter with low C/N ratio around the trap probably indicated the presence of C. hyperboreus eggs and nauplii. Therefore, monitoring interannual changes in C. hyperboreus reproductive succession by TCZ abundance might be possible in the future studies. In conclusion, Group 1 taxa are potential candidates for ecological monitoring using TCZs.

Keywords

Arctic Trap-collected zooplankton Net-collected zooplankton Copepods Pteropods 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are extremely grateful for the extensive financial and management support given by Professor Mitsuo Fukuchi of the National Institute of Polar Research. We thank the officers and crew of the CCGS Amundsen for their help during the CASES 2003–2004 expedition. This study was supported by a Grant-in-Aid from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science to H. Sasaki (No. 16510010), and by a grant from the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada to L. Fortier. This is a contribution to the programs Québec-Océan, CASES, and the Canada Research Chair on the response of Arctic marine ecosystems to climate warming.

Supplementary material

300_2016_1900_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (90 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 89 kb)
300_2016_1900_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (91 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 90 kb)
300_2016_1900_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (92 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 91 kb)
300_2016_1900_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (53 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 53 kb)

References

  1. Almogi-Labin A, Hemleben C, Deuser WG (1988) Seasonal variation in the flux of euthecosomatous pteropods collected in deep sediment trap in the Sargasso Sea. Deep-Sea Res 35:441–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arndt CE, Fernandez-Leborans G, Seuthe L, Berge J, Gulliksen B (2005) Ciliated epibionts on the Arctic sympagic amphipod Gammarus wilkitzkii as indicators for sympago–benthic coupling. Mar Biol 147:643–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Auel H, Hagen W (2002) Mesozooplankton community structure, abundance and biomass in the central Arctic Ocean. Mar Biol 140:1013–1021CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auel H, Klages M, Werner I (2003) Respiration and lipid content of the Arctic copepod Calanus hyperboreus overwintering 1 m above the seafloor at 2,300 m water depth in the Fram Strait. Mar Biol 143:275–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batten SD, Welch DW (2004) Changes in oceanic zooplankton populations in the North-east Pacific associated with the possible climatic regime shift of 1998/1999. Deep-Sea Res II 51:863–873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brodeur RD, Ware DM (1992) Long-term variability in zooplankton biomass in the subarctic Pacific Ocean. Fish Oceanogr 1:32–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmack EC, MacDonald RW (2002) Oceanography of the Canadian Shelf of the Beaufort Sea: a setting for marine life. Arctic 55:29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Conover RJ, Huntley M (1991) Copepods in ice-covered seas—distribution, adaptations to seasonally limited food, metabolism, growth patterns and life cycle strategies in polar seas. J Mar Syst 2:1–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Darnis G, Fortier L (2012) Zooplankton respiration and the export of carbon at depth in the Amundsen Gulf (Arctic Ocean). J Geophys Res 117:C04013. doi: 10.1029/2011JC007374 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Darnis G, Fortier L (2014) Temperature, food and the seasonal vertical migration of key arctic copepods in the thermally stratified Amundsen Gulf (Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean). J Plankton Res. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbu035 Google Scholar
  11. Darnis G, Barber DG, Fortier L (2008) Sea ice and the onshore-off- shore gradient in pre-winter zooplankton assemblages in south-eastern Beaufort Sea. J Mar Syst 74:994–1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Darnis G, Robert D, Pomerleau C, Link H, Archambault P, Nelson RJ, Geoffroy M, Tremblay JÉ, Lovejoy C, Ferguson SH, Hunt BPV, Fortier L (2012) Current state and trends in Canadian Arctic marine ecosystems: II. Hterotorophic food web, pelagic–benthic coupling, and biodiversity. Clim Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0483-8 Google Scholar
  13. Dawson JK (1978) Vertical distribution of Calanus hyperboreus in the central Arctic Ocean. Limnol Oceanogr 23:950–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fabry VJ, Seibel BA, Feely RA, Orr JC (2008) Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. ICES J Mar Sci 65:414–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Falk-Petersen S, Leu E, Berge J, Kwasniewski S, Nygård H, Røstad A, Keskinen E, Thormar J, von Quillfeldt C, Wold A, Gulliksen B (2008) Vertical migration in high Arctic waters during autumn 2004. Deep-Sea Res II 55:2275–2284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Forbes JR, Macdonald RW, Carmack EC, Iseki K, O’Brien MC (1992) Zooplankton retained in sequential sediment traps along the Beaufort Sea shelf break during winter. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 49:663–670CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Forest A, Sampei M, Makabe R, Sasaki H, Barber DG, Gratton Y, Wassmann P, Fortier L (2008) The annual cycle of particulate organic carbon export in Franklin Bay (Canadian Arctic): environmental control and food web implications. J Geophys Res 113:C03S05Google Scholar
  18. Fortier M, Fortier L, Hattori H, Saito H, Legendre L (2001) Visual predators and the diel vertical migration of copepods under Arctic Sea ice during the midnight sun. J Plankton Res 23:1263–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gallienne CP, Robins DB (2001) Is Oithona the most important copepod in the world’s oceans? J Plankton Res 23:1421–1432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gislason A, Astthorsson OS (1992) Zooplankton collected by sediment trap moored in deep water south of Iceland. Sarsia 77:219–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harbison GR, Gilmer RW (1986) Effects of animal behavior on sediment trap collections: implications for the calculation of aragonite fluxes. Deep-Sea Res 33:1017–1024CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hays GC (1995) Ontogenetic and seasonal variation in the diel vertical migration of the copepod Metridia lucens and Metridia longa. Limnol Oceanogr 40:1461–1465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hirche H-J (1997) Life cycle of the copepod Calanus hyperboreus in the Greenland Sea. Mar Biol 128:607–618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hosie GW, Fukuchi M, Kawaguchi S (2003) Development of the Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder survey. Prog Oceanogr 58:263–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kiørboe T, Saiz E (1995) Planktivorous feeding in calm and turbulent environments, with emphasis on copepods. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 122:135–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kobayashi HA (1974) Growth cycle and related vertical distribution of the thecosomatous pteropod Spiratella (Limacina) helicina in the central Arctic Ocean. Mar Biol 26:295–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kosobokova K, Hirche H-J (2009) Biomass of zooplankton in the eastern Arctic Ocean—a base line study. Prog Oceanogr 82:265–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kwasniewski S, Gluchowska M, Jakubas D, Wojczulanis-Jakubas K, Walkusz W, Karnovsky N, Blachowiak-Samolyk K, Cisek M, Stempniewicz L (2010) The impact of different hydrographic conditions and zooplankton communities on provisioning Little Auks along the West coast of Spitsbergen. Prog Oceanogr 87:72–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mackas DL, Batten SD, Trudel M (2007) Effects on zooplankton of a warming ocean: recent evidence from the Northeast Pacific. Prog Oceanogr 75:223–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Makabe R, Hattori H, Sampei M, Ota Y, Fukuchi M, Fortier L, Sasaki H (2010) Regional and seasonal variability of zooplankton collected using sediment traps in the southeastern Beaufort Sea, Canadian Arctic. Polar Biol 33:257–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Matsuno K, Yamaguchi A, Fujiwara A, Onodera J, Watanabe E, Imai I, Chiba S, Harada N, Kikuchi T (2014) Seasonal changes in mesozooplankton swimmers collected by sediment trap moored at a single station on the Northwind Abyssal Plain in the western Arctic Ocean. J Plankton Res 36:490–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Möllmann C, Kornilovs G, Sidrevics L (2000) Long-term dynamics of main mesozooplankton species in the central Baltic Sea. J Plankton Res 22:2015–2038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Orr JC, Fabry VJ, Aumont O et al (2005) Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms. Nature 437:681–686CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Ota Y, Hattori H, Makabe R, Sampei M, Tanimura A, Sasaki H (2008) Seasonal changes in nauplii and adults of Calanus hyperboreus (Copepoda) captured in sediment traps, Amundsen Gulf, Canadian Arctic. Polar Sci 2:215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Peterson W, Dam HG (1990) The influence of copepod ‘swimmers’ on pigment fluxes in brine-filled vs. ambient seawater-filled sediment traps. Limnol Oceanogr 35:448–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Purcell JE (2009) Extension of jellyfish and ctenophore trophic ecology to large-scale research. Hydrobiologia 616:23–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Richardson AJ, Schoeman DS (2004) Climate impact on plankton ecosystems in the Northeast Atlantic. Science 305:1609–1612CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Sampei M, Sasaki H, Hattori H, Forest A, Fortier L (2009a) Significant contribution of passively sinking copepods to the downward export flux in Arctic waters. Limnol Oceanogr 54:1894–1900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sampei M, Forest A, Sasaki H, Hattori H, Makabe R, Fukuchi M, Fortier L (2009b) Attenuation of the vertical flux of copepod fecal pellets under Arctic sea ice: evidence for an active detrital food web in winter. Polar Biol 32:225–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sampei M, Sasaki H, Makabe R, Forest A, Hattori H, Tremblay J-É, Gratton Y, Fukuchi M, Fortier L (2011) Production and retention of biogenic matter in the southeast Beaufort Sea during 2003–2004: insights from annual vertical particle fluxes of organic carbon and biogenic silica. Polar Biol 34:501–511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sampei M, Sasaki H, Forest A, Fortier L (2012) A substantial export flux of particulate organic carbon linked to sinking dead copepods during winter 2007–2008 in the Amundsen Gulf (southeastern Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean). Limnol Oceanogr 57:90–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Seiler D, Brandt A (1997) Seasonal occurrence of planktic Crustacea in sediment trap samples at three depth horizons in the Greenland Sea. Polar Biol 17:337–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Seuthe L, Darnis G, Wexels Riser C, Wassmann P, Fortier L (2007) Winter-spring feeding and metabolism of Arctic copepods: insights from faecal pellet production and respiration measurements in the southeastern Beaufort Sea. Polar Biol 30:427–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Steele DH, Steele VJ (1974) The biology of Gammarus (Crustacea, Amphipoda) in the northwestern Atlantic VIII. Geographic distribution of the northern species. Can J Zool 52:1115–1120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Walkusz W, Majewski A, Reist JD (2013) Distribution and diet of the bottom dwelling Arctic cod in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. J Mar Syst 127:65–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Williams R, Robins D (1981) Seasonal variability in abundance and vertical distribution of Parathemisto gaudichaudi (Amphipoda: Hyperiidea) in the north east Atlantic Ocean. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 4:289–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Willis K, Cottier F, Kwasniewski S, Wold A, Falk-Petersen S (2006) The influence of advection on zooplankton community composition in an Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard). J Mar Syst 61:39–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Willis KJ, Cottier FR, Kwasniewski S (2008) Impact of warm water advection on the winter zooplankton community in an Arctic fjord. Polar Biol 31:475–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yamaguchi A, Ikeda T (2000) Vertical distribution, life cycle and body allometry of two oceanic calanoid copepods (Pleuromamma scutullata and Heterorhabdus tanneri) in the Oyashio region, western North Pacific Ocean. J Plankton Res 22:29–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryosuke Makabe
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hiroshi Hattori
    • 3
  • Makoto Sampei
    • 4
  • Gérald Darnis
    • 5
  • Louis Fortier
    • 5
  • Hiroshi Sasaki
    • 6
  1. 1.National Institute of Polar ResearchTachikawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Polar ScienceThe Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)TachikawaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of BioscienceTokai UniversitySapporoJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Biosphere ScienceHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  5. 5.Québec-Océan, Département de BiologieUniversité LavalQuebecCanada
  6. 6.Faculty of Science and EngineeringIshinomaki Senshu UniversityIshinomakiJapan

Personalised recommendations