Polar Biology

, Volume 38, Issue 11, pp 1825–1845 | Cite as

Flora and vegetation of Cape Hallett and vicinity, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica

  • T. G. Allan Green
  • Rod D. Seppelt
  • Lars R. Brabyn
  • Catherine Beard
  • Roman Türk
  • Otto L. Lange
Original Paper

Abstract

Cape Hallett (72°19′S; 170°13′E) lies at the northern end of the western coastline of the Ross Sea region, and, to date, there appears to be no full description of its terrestrial flora despite its probable importance in understanding links between biodiversity and latitude. Here we present information about lichens and mosses from published papers, herbarium collections and personal surveys for Cape Hallett and seven nearby sites. A total of 59 lichen and 11 moss species are reported for these eight sites. Cape Hallett is one of the richest sites for terrestrial biodiversity in the Ross Sea region with about 46 lichen species and nine species of bryophytes. Lichens have their greatest diversity on the upper scree and summit area (30 species, 330 m), the least within the large penguin colony at sea level (one species). The station at Cape Hallett was established in 1957, and some of the earliest ecological and ecophysiological studies in Antarctica were carried out there. Historical comparisons are possible and have revealed considerable changes in vegetation in the lower flush area, a high level of frost heave disturbance, new lichen growth rate estimates for northern Victoria Land and extreme stability of the snow banks on the scree slopes. Cape Hallett represents a very important site for studies on links between terrestrial flora and the environment as well as on possible effects of climate change.

Keywords

Lichens Mosses Stability Lichen growth rate Cryoturbation Disturbance Nitrogen Crater Cirque Football Saddle 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. G. Allan Green
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rod D. Seppelt
    • 3
    • 8
  • Lars R. Brabyn
    • 4
  • Catherine Beard
    • 5
  • Roman Türk
    • 6
  • Otto L. Lange
    • 7
  1. 1.Departamento de Vegetal II, Farmacia FacultadUniversidad ComplutenseMadridSpain
  2. 2.Biological SciencesUniversity of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand
  3. 3.Australian Antarctic DivisionKingstonAustralia
  4. 4.Department of GeographyUniversity of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand
  5. 5.Department of Conservation - Te Papa AtawhaiHamiltonNew Zealand
  6. 6.Fachbereich Organismische Biologie, Arbeitsgruppe Ökologie und Diversität der PflanzenUniversität SalzburgSalzburgAustria
  7. 7.Julius-von-Sachs-Institut für BiowissenschaftenUniversität WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  8. 8.Tasmanian HerbariumSandy BayAustralia

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