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Polar Biology

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 1619–1631 | Cite as

Lipids in the daubed shanny (Teleostei: Leptoclinus maculatus) in Svalbard waters

  • Svetlana A. Murzina
  • Zinaida A. Nefedova
  • Stig Falk-Petersen
  • Haakon Hop
  • Tatiana R. Ryokolainen
  • Camilla A. Meyer Ottesen
  • Pauli O. Ripatti
  • Jørgen Berge
  • Nina N. Nemova
Original Paper

Abstract

The daubed shanny, Leptoclinus maculatus, is a common fish species in Arctic and North Atlantic waters and has an important role in high-latitude ecosystems as a link between lower trophic levels and many fish, marine mammal and seabird species. Its biology and ecology have, however, remained largely unstudied. The primary aim of this study was to increase the knowledge about the daubed shanny by analysing total lipids, lipid-classes and the fatty acid composition of liver, muscle and female gonads in adults from the high Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. In female gonads, the triacylglycerols and wax esters in addition to cholesterol esters were dominant among the stored lipids. Triacylglycerols dominated in the liver, whereas structural lipids, such as phospholipids and cholesterols, were the most important lipids in muscles. Phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine were major phospholipids in all organs studied. The fatty acid spectrum of the investigated organs was characterized by a high amount of monounsaturated fatty acids, particularly in the liver. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly 22:6(n-3) and 20:4(n-6), were prevalent in muscle tissues. The lipid and fatty acid spectra in the organs during this period of life are tightly connected with the activation of the liver metabolism and the storage of lipids in the developed female gonads. Lipid accumulation and distribution in gonads are transferred to optimal development of embryos and larvae in Arctic waters.

Keywords

Biochemical adaptation Fatty acids Daubed shanny Lipids Lipid-classes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the President of the Russian Federation Grants (NSh-1642.2012.4 and MK-666.2011.4; RFBR 11-04-00167-a), the Presidium of RAS Program of Fundamental Research (“The living nature: contemporary conditions and problems of development” project “Inventory of aquatic organisms communities in Arctic and sub-Arctic ecosystems in changing biotic and abiotic factors”) and the FCP (“Mechanisms of adaptation and sustainability of organisms and populations of plants and animals in the North (physiological, biochemical and molecular-genetic aspects)”). We are also grateful to the captain and the crew of R/V Jan Mayen, the TUNU-MAFIG Programme (University of Tromsø) for the possibility to participate thus on the “TUNU III cruise 2007”. The research was carried out as part of the “Ice Edge Programme” funded by Statoil through the Statoil-ARCTOS Arctic Research Programme (SAARP).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Svetlana A. Murzina
    • 1
  • Zinaida A. Nefedova
    • 1
  • Stig Falk-Petersen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Haakon Hop
    • 4
  • Tatiana R. Ryokolainen
    • 1
  • Camilla A. Meyer Ottesen
    • 3
    • 4
  • Pauli O. Ripatti
    • 1
  • Jørgen Berge
    • 3
    • 5
  • Nina N. Nemova
    • 1
  1. 1.Karelian Research Centre, Institute of BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia
  2. 2.Fram CentreAkvaplan-nivaTromsöNorway
  3. 3.Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and EconomicsUniversity of TromsøTromsöNorway
  4. 4.Fram CentreNorwegian Polar InstituteTromsöNorway
  5. 5.The University Centre in SvalbardLongyearbyenNorway

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