Polar Biology

, Volume 32, Issue 8, pp 1245–1250 | Cite as

Bathyphellia margaritacea (Cnidaria: Actiniaria): the most northern species of the world

  • Nadya P. Sanamyan
  • Evgeny S. Cherniaev
  • Karen E. Sanamyan
Short Note


The sea anemone Bathyphellia margaritacea (Danielssen in Actinida. The Norwegian North-Atlantic expedition 1876–1878, Groendahl, Oslo, 1890) was collected by the research submersible MIR at the North Pole at a depth of 4,262 m and by the North Pole Drifting Station NP-22 in the American sector of Arctic Ocean covered by permanent ice. These widely separated records significantly increase the known geographic range of the species. B. margaritacea is highly plastic and has an ability to occupy different types of substrates. It appears to be the only species of sea anemone that is able to range in the high Arctic up to the North Pole and the only reliably identified species known from this part of the world.


Bathyphellia North Pole Drifting Station Arctic Ocean Sea anemone 



Many thanks to Dr. Ole S. Tendal for loaning specimens from Zoologisk Museum, Copenhagen, to Dr. Lev I. Moskalev for collecting samples on North Pole Drifting Station NP-22. The work was fulfilled using scientific collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, which obtains financial support from the Science and Technology State Committee of the Russian Federation (Registration no. 97-03-16).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadya P. Sanamyan
    • 1
  • Evgeny S. Cherniaev
    • 2
  • Karen E. Sanamyan
    • 1
  1. 1.Kamchatka Branch of the Pacific Institute of GeographyFar-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesPetropavlovsk-KamchatskyRussia
  2. 2.P.P. Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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