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Polar Biology

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1507–1519 | Cite as

Taxonomic review of Haliclystus antarcticus Pfeffer, 1889 (Stauromedusae, Staurozoa, Cnidaria), with remarks on the genus Haliclystus Clark, 1863

  • Lucília S. MirandaEmail author
  • André C. Morandini
  • Antonio C. Marques
Original Paper

Abstract

Difficulties concerning the taxonomy of stauromedusae are long known, and there is a clear need for taxonomic revision of the genus Haliclystus, as well as the reevaluation of some species. Haliclystus antarcticus Pfeffer, 1889 is recorded from Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Due to the lack of detailed information on this species, we provide a redescription, presenting new data on the cnidome, morphometry, geographical distribution and intraspecific variation. Based on these characters, we propose that our specimens and Haliclystus auricula from Chile and Argentina are synonymous and should be classified as H. antarcticus. We also review the worldwide distribution of the genus Haliclystus Clark, 1863 and discuss taxonomic issues, concluding that some characters traditionally used in the taxonomy of the group should be used cautiously.

Keywords

Southern Ocean Antarctic Peninsula Benthos Lucernariidae Stauromedusae 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are deeply grateful to: A.G. Collins (NMFS, National Systematics Laboratory, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution) for corrections and comments on the manuscript and for providing support for the study of the Stauromedusae collection in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution; J.P. Didier, for her enormous support and commitment to the collection of material from Chile; A. Cunha, H.Y. Yamaguti, J. Bardi, M.M. Maronna, N. Mejía and T.P. Miranda (Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, USP) for discussions and suggestions on a previous version of the text and the figures; Enio Matos and Eduardo Matos (in memoriam) for their assistance on the SEM (Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, USP). We also thank the reviewers C. Mills, J. Gerhard and A.G. Collins, who have contributed to improve this paper. This work was supported by Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, FAPESP (research grant 2004/09961-4), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq (55.7333/2005-9, 490348/2006-8, 305735/2006-3, 47467-2007-7). A.C. Morandini had partial support from Conselho de Ensino para Graduados/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Fundação Universitária José Bonifácio, CEPG/UFRJ–FUJB (ALV’2006 13126-1), CNPq (481399/2007-0), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, FAPERJ (E-26/171.150/2006) and Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia/Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos MCT/FINEP/Ação Transversal-Cooperação ICTs- Empresas (Petrobras) - 06/2006 (3175/06).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucília S. Miranda
    • 1
    Email author
  • André C. Morandini
    • 1
  • Antonio C. Marques
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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